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>Of course, there is the question of crocodiles. Do they use head-bobbing?
>If not, either they lost that feature or the behavior evolved independantly
>in lepidosaurs and birds.
>Thomas R. Holtz, Jr.
The following is taken from Jeffrey Lang's chapter on social behaviour in
Ross, ed. Crocodiles and Alligators, Facts on File1989, p. 108:
"In many species, snout lifting is an easily recognizable behavior because
the movement is slow and exaggerated. When approached by a dominant male,
an animal lifts its snout out of the water, opens its jaws and holds its
head stationary for a period of time. Further approach usually elicits
deliberate movements of the snout upward until the approach is halted.... in
many of these species snout lifting is a prominent behavior during the
initial stages of courtship. In courtship preliminaries, both sexes often
lift their snouts in unison and sometimes cross snouts while touching the
I wonder if this behavior is a modification of head-bobbing appropriate to
animals that do most of their displaying in the water?
Ronald I. Orenstein Phone: (905) 820-7886 (home)
International Wildlife Coalition Fax/Modem: (905) 569-0116 (home)
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