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Martin wrote:

> On a slightly different topic, the so-called Flamingo pterodactly

That would be the pterodactyloid *Pterdaustro guinazui* (Lower Cret.,

> (Oh how I wish British Airways had not lost my luggage with my
> newly-purchased dino books in it!) seems always to be illustrated
> standing statically in shallow water, filtering the water for
> crustacea using the _front part of it's upcurved bristly snout. This
> seems incorrect to me, because the bristles actually extend
> virtually the whole length of the snout, with scarcely any change in
> their length. To me this indicates the whole length of the snout was
> intended to be used as a filter, and the only way I can see to do
> this is by laying the snout along the surface of the water and
> sweeping from side to side (perhpas advancing one pace for each
> sweep) , scooping up whatever floats on the surface (duckweedy find
> of plants, perhaps?). What do you think? Does anyone know if the
> articulations of the neck show any adaptations for sideways
> sweeping?

My up-close experience with pterosaurs is pretty much limited to the
pteranodontids, in which, to quote Wellnhofer (1991), "additional [cervical]
processes, so-called exapophyses, have formed , jutting out ventrally at both
ends of the vertebra. This five-point joint in the cervical vertebrae
prevented cervical torsion and major sideways movement." I've always
interpreted this as an adaptation to aid in the support of the rather large
heads of animals like *Pteranodon* and *Quetzalcoatlus.*

I know that the cervicals of *Pterdaustro* are rather elongated, but am
unaware of anything that would have prevented a lateral sweeping motion. 

I'm pretty sure that Sibbick's restoration in Wellnhofer's book
indicate that the entire length of the mandible *is* being used in seiving.
Also, remember that straining occurs not only while the pterosaur's jaws are
submerged, but after the head is lifted, as the water flows back out through
the bristles.

Caitlin R. Kiernan