[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index][Subject Index][Author Index]

Re: Questions of Various Kinds



In a message dated 96-10-04 19:16:23 EDT, RaptorRKC@AOL.COM writes:

> 11) How many different species of _Apatosaurus_, _Brachiosaurus_,
> _Camarasaurus_, and _Diplodocus_ are there?

Here are the relevant portions of _Mesozoic Meanderings_ #2 third printing.
The generally recognized species are written with generic name abbreviated;
the other names are synonyms. The dagger symbol & (or whatever it comes
through e-mail looking like) 

[It came up as a control character that probably would have caused
 some mailers to barf.  I've replaced it with the "&".  -- MR ]

denotes the type species of the genus of its generic name; a question
mark denotes a species whose referral to its genus is questionable.

Brachiosaurus Riggs, 1903
= Brachinosaurus Howgate, 1994 [sic; in Dinosaur Collector's Club Newsletter]
= Brachyosaurus Langston, 1974 [sic]
= Brachysaurus Gilmore, 1922 [sic]
= Branchiosaurus Yadagiri, 1988 [sic]
= Eranchiosaurus Flood vide Smith, 1992 [sic]
B. altithorax Riggs, 1903&
= Brachiosaurus (Brachiosaurus) altithorax (Riggs, 1903)
= Brachiosaurus altithorex Janensch, 1961 [sic]
= Brachiosaurus altus Jensen, 1986 [sic]
= Giraffotitan altithorax McIntosh, 1992 [sic]
?B. atalaiensis de Lapparent & Zbyszewski, 1957
= Brachiosaurus botalaiensis Janensch, 1961 [sic]
= Brachiosaurus ataliensis Paul, 1988 [sic]
= Branchiosaurus atalaiensis Yadagiri, 1988 [sic]
?B. nougaredi de Lapparent, 1960
NOTE: See note for Giraffatitan.

Giraffatitan (Paul, 1988) Olshevsky, 1991
= Giraffatitan Paul, 1987 [nomen nudum]
= Giraffotitan McIntosh, 1992 [sic]
G. brancai (Janensch, 1914) Olshevsky, 1991&
= Brachiosaurus brancai Janensch, 1914
= Brachiosaurus (Giraffatitan) brancai (Janensch, 1914) Paul, 1988&
= Cetiosaurus brancai (Janensch, 1914) Yadagiri, 1988 [sic]
= Brachiosaurus fraasi Janensch, 1914
= Brachiosaurus fraasii Janensch, 1914 [sic]
= Dicraeosaurus brancai Lambrecht, 1933 [sic]
= Brachiosaurus brancas Martill, 1988 [sic]
NOTE: The above genus, initially described as a subgenus of Brachiosaurus, is
separable therefrom on the basis of the vertebral column figured by Paul
(1988). J. S. McIntosh (pers. comm.), however, does not consider the
differences generically significant. A skull recently identified as that of a
North American brachiosaurid (perhaps Brachiosaurus altithorax: K. Carpenter,
pers. comm.) from the Morrison Formation differs significantly in morphology
from that attributed to Giraffatitan brancai and, if it indeed is a
Brachiosaurus skull, further supports separating the African genus from the
North American.

Camarasaurus Cope, 1877
= Camacasaurus Young, 1958 [sic]
= Camaeosaurus Cope, 1877 [sic]
= Camarasuarus Berman & McIntosh, 1978 [sic]
= Camarosaurus Owen, 1878 [sic]
= Camasaurus McIntosh, 1977 [sic]
= Camerasaurus Colbert, 1951 [sic]
= Camorasaurus Nopcsa, 1902 [sic]
= Caramasaurus Nopsca, 1923 [sic]
= Cathetosaurus Jensen, 1987 [nomen nudum]
= Cathetosaurus Jensen, 1988
= Caulodon Cope, 1877 [nomen dubium]
= Monosaurus Berman & McIntosh, 1978 [sic]
= Morasaurus Riggs, 1904 [sic]
= Morosaurus Marsh, 1878
= Mososaurus Baur, 1884 [sic]
= Uintasaurus Holland, 1919
= Uintosaurus von Huene, 1929 [sic]
C. supremus Cope, 1877&
= Amphicoelias latus Cope, 1877 [juv.?]
= Caulodon diversidens Cope, 1877 [nomen dubium]&
= Caulodon leptoganus Cope, 1878 [nomen dubium]
= Camarasaurus leptodirus Cope, 1879 [nomen dubium]
= Camarosaurus supremus Janensch, 1914 [sic]
= Amphicoelias altus Berman & McIntosh, 1978 [sic; error for Amphicoelias
latus Cope, 1877]
C. grandis (Marsh, 1877) Gilmore, 1925
= Apatosaurus grandis Marsh, 1877
= Morosaurus grandis (Marsh, 1877) Marsh, 1878?
= Morosaurus impar Marsh, 1878&
= Camarasaurus impar (Marsh, 1878)
= Morosaurus robustus Marsh, 1878 [nomen dubium]
= Camarasaurus robustus (Marsh, 1878) White, 1958 [nomen dubium]
= Pleurocoelus montanus Marsh, 1896 [juv.]
= Astrodon montanus (Marsh, 1896) [juv.]
C. lentus (Marsh, 1889) Mook, 1914
= Morosaurus lentus Marsh, 1889
= Uintasaurus douglassi Holland, 1919&
= Camarasaurus douglassi (Holland, 1919)
= Camarasaurus annae Ellinger, 1950
= Camarosaurus annae Ellinger, 1950*
= Camarasaurus lentis D. A. Russell, 1994 (not 1993) [sic]
?C. alenquerensis (de Lapparent & Zbyszewski, 1957) Raath & McIntosh, 1987
=Apatosaurus alenquerensis de Lapparent & Zbyszewski, 1957
= Atlantosaurus alenquerensis (de Lapparent & Zbyszewski, 1957) Steel, 1970
= Brontosaurus alenquerensis (de Lapparent & Zbyszewski, 1957) Olshevsky,
1978
= Camarasaurus alenguerensis Lessem & Glut, 1993 [sic]
C. lewisi (Jensen, 1988) Miller, McIntosh, Stadtman & Gillette, 1992
= Cathetosaurus lewisi Jensen, 1988&
= Cathetosaurus lewisi Jensen, 1987 [nomen nudum]

Apatosaurus Marsh, 1877
= Apatasaurus Gilmore, 1905 [sic]
= Apathosaurus Nopcsa, 1906 [sic]
= Apatosanrus Yadagiri, 1988 [sic]
= Apatosausus Dong, 1979 [sic]
= Apotosaurus Sauvage, 1882 [sic]
= Bronotosaurus Langston, 1974 [sic]
= Brontasaurus McIntosh & Berman, 1975 [sic]
= Brontosaurus Marsh, 1879
= Brontsaurus Stokes, 1988 [sic]
= Elosaurus Peterson & Gilmore, 1902 [juv.]
A. ajax Marsh, 1877&
= Atlantosaurus ajax (Marsh, 1877) Steel, 1970
= Brontosaurus ajax (Marsh, 1877) Bakker, 1986
= Atlantosaurus immanis Marsh, 1878
= Apatosaurus immanis (Marsh, 1878) (incorrectly attributed to McIntosh, 1990
in The Zoological Record 1991/92, wherein it stands as a new combination)
= Apatosaurus laticollis Marsh, 1879
= Atlantosaurus laticollis (Marsh, 1879) Steel, 1970
A. excelsus (Marsh, 1879) Holland, 1916
= Brontosaurus excelsus Marsh, 1879&
= Atlantosaurus excelsus (Marsh, 1879) Steel, 1970
= Camarasaurus excelsus (Marsh, 1879) Osborn vide von Huene, 1929
= Brontosaurus amplus Marsh, 1881
= Apatosaurus amplus (Marsh, 1881) Gilmore, 1936
= Atlantosaurus amplus (Marsh, 1881) Steel, 1970
= Elosaurus parvus Peterson & Gilmore, 1902 [juv.]&
A. louisae Holland, 1915
= Atlantosaurus louisae (Holland, 1915) Steel, 1970
= Brontosaurus louisae (Holland, 1915) Bakker, 1986
= Apatosaurus louisea Gilmore, 1946 [sic]
= Apatasaurus louisei Coggeshall, 1953 [sic]
= Apatosaurus lousiae D. A. Russell, 1994 (not 1993) [sic]
?A. minimus Mook, 1917
= Atlantosaurus minimus (Mook, 1917) Steel, 1970
NOTE: The above species probably represents a new genus of cetiosaurid
(McIntosh, 1990).
?A. yahnahpin Filla & Redman, 1994
NOTE: The above species may represent a new, primitive genus of diplodocid.
An anonymous article in the December 11, 1898 New York Journal and Advertiser
featured the discovery of a Brontosaurus giganteus by William Harlow Reed
(McGinnis, 1982; Breithaupt, 1990; correct date of issue cited by B.
Creisler, pers. comm.), but this dinosaur turned out to be based on a large,
nondiagnostic femur and was never formally described.

Diplodocus Marsh, 1878
= Deplodocus Majumdar, 1987 [sic]
= Dipiodocus Yadagiri, 1988 [sic]
= Diplocus [Anonymous] 1879 [sic, in December 11, 1879 Nature, p. 135]
= Diplopdocus Fleury, 1992 [sic]
D. longus Marsh, 1878&
D. lacustris Marsh, 1884 [nomen dubium]
D. carnegii Hatcher, 1901
= Diplodocus carnegiei Holland, 1906 [sic]
= Diplodocus longus carnegiei Janensch, 1961 [sic]
= Diplodocus carnegei Martill, 1988 [sic]
= Diplodocus reedi Breithaupt, 1990 emend. nov. [nomen nudum]
= Diplodocus reed Breithaupt, 1990 [nomen nudum]*
= Diplodocus carrnegii Chure & McIntosh, 1989 [sic]
D. hayi Holland, 1924