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 As a side note, I was listening to a radio broadcast this weekend and the show
was being taped in Dawson somewhere up in 'the Yukon'.
They interviewed a bush vet that had amazingly enough, performed a trachiotomy 
an emu.

She said she had gotten a radio call that a dog had messed with this emu and 
the bird was looking pretty bad, could she come out?  She said she had never 
seen an emu but heck she'd give it a go.  So she 4-Wheeled it up to this ranch,
got out, went with the rancher to find the emu, tied it down, gave it a
trachiotomy, and it then proceeded to 'spew vomitus on everybody all around'.  
emu survived.  However the emu (male) did not eventually choose to breed with 
female counterpart, Ema, so eventually the ranchers ate him.

This is the only reference I've ever heard to bird trachiotomies.


PTJN@aol.com wrote:

> In a message dated 7/26/98 3:08:07 AM Eastern Daylight Time,
> jjackson@interalpha.co.uk writes:
> << The avian one-way system doesn't quite include the trachea >>
> My understanding of the avian respiratory system leads me to believe that it
> does, to a large degree, eliminate the problem of dead air space posed under
> other respiratory schemes by an elongated trachea.  By a long shot, I'm not
> the best person to make this case, but here are my thoughts:
> Unlike mammals and non-dinosaurian reptiles that have a bellows-like
> ventilation system, it takes *two* inhalation/exhalation cycles for air to
> move in and out of a bird.  In a bird lung, new air comes in one end of the
> lung and the used air goes out the other end.  One set of air sacs store air
> before it's ready to enter the lungs, and another set of air sacs store air
> until it's ready to be breathed out.  The sequence of bird breathing, as I
> understand it, is as follows:
> Inhalation #1: Air inhaled into posterior air sacs;
> Exhalation #1: Spent air is expelled via the mouth from anterior sacs and
> previously inhaled air moves from posterior sacs into the lungs;
> Inhalation #2: New air is inhaled into posterior sacs and previously inhaled
> air moves out of lungs to anterior sacs;
> Exhalation #2: Inhaled air #1 is expelled from anterior sacs via the mouth.
> This means that, at any one time, air flow is essentially unidirectional in
> the trachea; thereby eliminating (or, at least greatly reducing) the dead air
> problem.

           Betty Cunningham
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