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Re: Dicynodont References
In a message dated 7/30/99 12:42:04 PM Pacific Daylight Time,
<< Sorry for the off-topic request, this'll be short,
and I assure you all, there is some relevance, though
probably not readily apparent.>>
Hey, I think everyone can handle a reference to extinct synapsids now and
<<I'm wondering if anyone has references or articles
on any possible cranial musculature studies of
dicynodonts (read: *Lystrosaurus*, kannemeyeriids,
*Dicynodon*, etc.)? I've checked the Biblio of Vert.
Paleo. through the SVP website, and on Altavista, and
nothing turned up except a few _Nature_ articles that
do not appear to relate. >>
Well, a good place to start is the ultimate guide to dicynodonts, aka.
Gillian King's _The Dicynodonts: A Study in Biology_, which contains almost
everything most people would ever want to know about the group, including
detailed discussions of anatomy and musculature. There are also several good
papers describing dicynodont skulls that delve, often deeply, into the skull
musculature of the group. Some really good, useful examples include the
King, G. M. 1981. The functional anatomy of a Permian dicynodont.
_Proceedings and Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Series B_.
(describes a specimen of _Dicynodon trigonocephalus_)
Cox, C.B. 1959. On the anatomy of a new dicynodont genus with evidence of the
position of the tympanum. _Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London_.
Vol. 132, pp. 321-366.
(describes _Kingoria_. Not really a musculature work, but has extensive
research pertaining to the musculature such as joint development and
arrangement and placement of blood vessels)
Ewer, R.F. 1961. The anatomy of the dicynodont _Daptocephalus leoniceps_
(Owen). _Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London_. Vol. 136, pp.
(an oldie but a goodie, must-have for dicynodont musculature--extensive
description of the musculature of the entire skeleton, with major elements
given separate sections)
There are others out there, so just let me know if you want more on this