[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index][Subject Index][Author Index]
Re: More on Gangs, packs, etc.
In a message dated 5/17/99 10:01:21 AM Eastern Daylight Time,
<< Leadership? Enforcement? I can't think of any nonhuman examples,
except insofar as animals bully each other into giving up food or not
breeding. This is always to the advantage of the bully and the
disadvantage of the victim - whether it aids the group is irrelevant. >>
Previously in this thread, there was a mention of matriarchal elephant herds.
I remember seeing a documentary about stray cats where a tom provided
leadership by resolving disputes and maintaining the territory for a group of
females. I'm also thinking about horses, cows, and sheep. In fact, there
have been arguments that in principle minimally violent co-operation (with a
leader) has survival value.
Though it's better to be higher in the pecking order, the situation for
followers does not seem inevitably impossible. If my model is the committee,
yours appears to be competition for grants or promotions. Those too are