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Re: Re[Re:Sauropod Neck]

And an aerodynamic study of bumblebees determined that they can't fly.
Don't tell the bees - they'll be very disappointed.

Well...  The following is from Arthur V. Chadwick, copied from Paul C.
Johnson at UNH.  I hope somebody will tell us a bit more about how crumpling
affects Reynolds numbers.

Bumblebees CAN fly! The oft heard ridicule of scientists that say a bumble
cannot fly because its wings are too small, in spite of the evidence of
their own eyes, is based on a misrepresentation of an incident that occurred
in the 1930s. McMasters (in the Amer. Sci. 77:164-169) reports that a noted
Swiss professor of aerodynamics at a dinner party with biologists was asked
about the aerodynamics of wasp and bee wings. He performed some calculation
for the bumblebee based on a smooth wing and got a low Reynolds number
"proving" the bee incapable of flight. He obviously knew that the
calculations were simplistic, and later (after examining a wing under a
microscope and noting the bent and folded nature of the wing), corrected his
error, but like the news media of today, the correction received little