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Re: Status of _Utahraptor_?

  The *Dromaeosaurus* type is comprised of the nearlu complete
skull, a set of the hyoid ceratobrnchials, and pedal elements. A
pedal claw and presumably the intermediate phalanges associated
with it have been referred to the type (Colbert and Russell,
1969: _AMNovitates_ 2380, 49pp) but were removed to
*Saurornitholestes* (Sues, 1978: _Zoo. J. Linn. Soc._ 62,
381-400) based on comparison with pedal claws in that hypodigm.
Warning, Will Robinson! It's not like the pedal elements are
also clearly associated with the holotype paradigm, either. I'm
not one to step on either Ned Colbert's, Dale Russell's, or Hans
Sues' feet, for they've been doing this longer than I have....

  The intermediate phalanges in the dromaeosaurid pes have the
enlarged ventral heel (broken, but analogous in morphology to
the region in *Velociraptor* and *Deinonychus* to show that it
was indeed there, with a deep concavity well distal to the
proximal articulation and a ventral turn of the bone proximal to
this concavity [in lateral view]) on the distal of the two, and
both are of equal length, and articulate; therefore we can
conclude that they [1] pertain to a single individual & [2]
belong to a dromaeosaurid. The association of the type may be
equivocal, but I can't see how Brown would have reassociated
anything for the sake of a type, and I would conclude that the
claw, contra Sues, may actually pertain to the type of
*Dromaeosaurus*; notes on the collection and exact locality are
not clear (Colbert and Russell, 1969 [1-3]; Currie, 1995: _JVP_
15, 5, 576-591 [576]) and I'm not sure how far to take the
comments on monochthony of the specimen.

Jaime A. Headden

  Where the Wind Comes Sweeping Down the Pampas!!!!

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