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Re: Crocodilian v Avian looks
Warning: definitions ahead.
>From the dictionary at business.com:
Synonyms: flock, flight, herd, drove, pack, gang, gaggle, bevy, brood.
These nouns denote a number of animals, birds, or fish considered
collectively, and some have human connotations.
Flock is applied to a congregation of animals of one kind, especially sheep
or goats herded by human beings, and to any congregation of wild or
domesticated birds, especially when on the ground. It is also applicable to
people who form the membership of a church or to people under someone's care
Flight refers to a flock of birds in flight. [Note that they're a flock
when they land.]
Herd is used of a number of animals, especially cattle, herded by human
beings; or of wild animals such as antelope, elephants, and zebras; or of
whales and seals.
Applied to people, it is used disparagingly of a crowd or of the masses and
suggests the gregarious aspect of crowd psychology.
[Applied particularly to herbivores. I'd expect to see a pod of whales; see
below, where a pod is defined as a small herd; don't know if we have large
herds any more.]
Drove is used of a herd or flock of cattle, sheep, geese, or the like, that
are being moved or driven from one place to another; less often it refers to
a crowd of people in movement.
Pack is applicable to any body of animals, especially wolves, or of birds,
especially grouse, and to a body of hounds trained to hunt as a unit. It
also refers disparagingly
to a band or group of persons.
[Applied particularly to carnivores. Two grouse, by the way, are a 'brace';
covey implies a family, as shown below.]
Gang refers to a herd, especially of buffalo or elk; to a pack of wolves or
wild dogs; or to various associations of persons, especially when engaged in
violent or criminal pursuits.
Gaggle denotes a flock of geese.
Bevy is used of a company of roe deer, larks, or quail. Brood is applicable
to offspring that are still under the care of a mother, especially the
offspring of domestic and game birds or, less formally, of human beings.
The following related terms are used as indicated:
cast, the number of hawks or falcons cast off at one time,
usually a pair;
cete, a company of badgers;
covert, a flock of coots;
covey, a family of grouse, partridges, or other game birds;
drift, a drove or herd, especially of hogs;
exaltation, a flight of larks;
fall, a family of woodcock in flight;
gam, a school of whales, or a social congregation of whalers, especially at
kennel, a number of hounds or dogs housed in one place or under the same
kindle, a brood or litter, especially of kittens;
litter, the total number of offspring produced at a single birth by a
muster, a flock of peacocks;
nide, a brood of pheasants;
pod, a small herd of seals or whales;
pride, a company of lions;
rout, a company of people or animals in movement, especially knights or
school, a congregation of fish, or aquatic mammals such as dolphins or
shrewdness, a company of apes;
skein, a flight of wildfowl, especially geese;
skulk, a congregation of vermin, especially foxes, or of thieves;
sloth, a company of bears;
sord, a flight of mallards;
sounder, a herd of wild boar;
stable, a number of horses housed in one place or under the same ownership;
swarm, a colony of insects, such as ants, bees, or wasps, especially when
migrating to a new nest or hive;
troop, a number of animals, birds, or people, especially when on the move;
warren, the inhabitants, such as rabbits, of a warren;
watch, a flock of nightingales;
and wisp, a flock of birds, especially of snipe.
Interestingly, 'gam'-gammon also means leg (as in Italian). The word was
used for speaking nonsense or 'stuff to impose on one's credibility' (Brewer
1898). The expression 'pulling one's leg' has this sense of fooling
someone. The whalers probably did a fair amount of that. So, a group of
whales might be identified by a word referring to their legs, derived from
contingents of whalers swapping lies.
Thanks to HP Rowe for finding (and HP Holtz for founding) the dynasty of T
Rexes. I hope it gets into the literature.
Back to your regularly scheduled discussions. Dinos without lips... They'd
all look and sound like Sam Spade being moody.