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Re: Mesozoic Neornithes



On Wed, 27 Jun 2001, Grant Harding wrote:

> Hiyo!
>
> Where in the world have neornitheans been found dating from the Mesozoic, and 
> what parts of the Mesozoic did they date from?
>
> Also, have neornitheans been found on all continents for all periods 
> following the close of the Mesozoic?

I do not currently cover neornithean species on the Dinosauricon, but I
plan to include all Mesozoic _Dinosauria_ (including _Neornithes_) some
day. Toward that end, I prepared this cladogram a while ago:

         Neornithes
         |---->Paleognathae =Paleognathia =Eoaves
         `--Neognathae =Neognathia =Neoaves
            |--Galloanserae
            |  |?--->Galliformes
            |  `?-Anseriformes
            |     |?-_Gallornis_ [nomen dubium]
            |     |?--->Gastornithidae
            |     `--+---->Anhimidae
            |        `---->Anseres
            `--+---->Mesitornithidae
               `--+---->Eurypygoidea
                  |---->Otides
                  |?--->Rhynchoceti
                  |--+---->Gruiformes
                  |  `---->Podicepiformes
                  |--Charadriomorphae
                  |  |     INCERTAE SEDIS:
                  |  |     _Volgavis marina_
                  |  |--Dakotornithidae ?=Graculavidae
                  |  |  `--_Dakotornis cooperi_
                  |  |--Lonchodytidae ?=Graculavidae
                  |  |  `--_Lonchodytes_
                  |  |--Palintropidae ?=Graculavidae
                  |  |  `--_Palintropus retusa_
                  |  |--Scaniornithidae ?=Graculavidae
                  |  |  `--_Scaniornis_
                  |  |?-Torotigidae ?=Graculavidae
                  |  |  `--_Torotix_ [nomen dubium]
                  |  |--Cimolopterygidae ?=Graculavidae
                  |  |  |--_Ceramornis major_
                  |  |  `--_Cimolopteryx_
                  |  |     |--_C. rara_
                  |  |     |--_C. maxima_
                  |  |     `--_C. minima_
                  |  |--Graculavidae
                  |  |  |--_Anatalavis rex_
                  |  |  |--_Laornis edvardsianus_
                  |  |  |--_Telmatornis priscus_
                  |  |  |--_Graculavus_
                  |  |  |  |--_G. velox_
                  |  |  |  `--_G._ sp.
                  |  |  `--_Palaeotringa_
                  |  |     |--_P. littoralis_
                  |  |     |--_P. vagans_
                  |  |     `--_P._ sp.
                  |  |--+---->Phoenicopteriformes
                  |  |  `--+---->Ciconiiformes
                  |  |     `--+---->Pelecaniformes
                  |  |        `--+--Procellariiformes
                  |  |           |  |?-Tytthostonychidae
                  |  |           |  |  `--_Tytthostonyx glauconiticus_
                  |  |           |  `---->Procellarioidea
                  |  |           `--+---->Sphenisciformes
                  |  |              `--Gaviiformes
                  |  |                 |?-_Neogaeornis wetzeli_
                  |  |                 `---->Gaviidae
                  |  `--+---->Burnithidae
                  |     `--+---->Charadriiformes
                  |        `--+?--->Turnicidae
                  |           `?-+---->Pteroclididae
                  |              `--+---->Columbiformes
                  |                 `--Psittaciformes
                  |                    |     INCERTAE SEDIS:
                  |                    |    ?unnamed form (beak) -- 
Maastrichtian -- N. America
                  |                    `---->Psittacoidea
                  `--+---->Cariamae
                     |---->Opisthocomiformes
                     |---->Falconiformes
                     `--+?---->Cuculiformes
                        `--+--+?--->Musophagidae
                           |  `?--->Accipitriformes
                           |?--->Sagittariidae
                           |?--->Pandionidae
                           `---->Anomalogonatae

The genera and species are Mesozoic (although i think some may straddle
the border), as is the unnamed ?psittaciform. Some of this info is
probably outdated.

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