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Re: Pterosaur Help



    I found these other species of Ornithocheirus but I couldn't find their
describers; O. wiedenrothi, O. cuvieri, O. woodwardi, O. validus, and  O.
nobilis. Altogether, this gives me 36 species (if I include O. sp., O.
harpyia [JSS => Pteranodon longiceps], and O.umbrosus [JSS => Pteranodon
longiceps). Now, as for Nyctosaurus, Pterodactylus, Rhamphorhynchus,
Germanodactylus, Scaphognathus, Cycnorhamphus, Dimorphodon, and
Campylognathoides?
    Thanks,
          Michael
----- Original Message -----
From: <Dinogeorge@aol.com>
To: <dinosaur@usc.edu>
Sent: Friday, November 23, 2001 8:52 PM
Subject: Re: Pterosaur Help


> In a message dated 11/23/01 9:10:22 PM EST, mhanson54@home.com writes:
>
> << Recently, I have been trying to compile a list of pterosaur species. I
>  really need help with Ornithocheirus! It is said that there have been 36
>  species of Ornithocheirus named, and so far, I have only found 15 and
found
>  almost none of their describers and years of description. I would greatly
>  appreciate it if someone could help me with finding all attributed
species,
>  describers, years of descriptions, and synonymized genera. I would also
>  appreciate some help with the following genera; Nyctosaurus,
Pterodactylus,
>  Rhamphorhynchus, Germanodactylus, Scaphognathus, Cycnorhamphus,
Dimorphodon,
>  and Campylognathoides. I have noticed that the more well-known pterosaurs
>  are the ones I have difficulty with compiling complete lists.
>      Thanks,
>            Michael >>
>
> OK, here's a listing for Ornithocheiridae. It's a little out of date, but
> help yourself. There are more species of Ornithocheirus scattered
throughout
> Pterosauria, but this should get you started:
>
> Family: ORNITHOCHEIRIDAE (nom.    emend. ex Ornithocheirae) Seeley, 1870
> Census: 6 genera, 34 species (19 doubtful)
>
>     = Ornithocheirinae Williston, 1897
>     = Ornithocheiroidea Williston, 1897
>     = Ornithocheiridae Zittel & Eastman, 1902
>     = Ornithocheridae Nopcsa, 1923 [sic]
>
> Genus: Araripesaurus Price, 1971
> A. castilhoi Price, 1971â
>
> Genus: Arthurdactylus Frey & Martill, 1994
> A. conandoylei Frey & Martill, 1994 emend nov.â
> = Arthurdactylus conan-doylei Frey & Martill, 1994*
>
> Genus: Brasileodactylus Kellner, 1984
> B. araripensis Kellner, 1984â
> = Brasileodactylus araripendis Kellner, 1989 [sic]
>
> Genus: Lonchodectes Hooley, 1914
> ?L. giganteus (Bowerbank, 1846) [nomen dubium]
> = Pterodactylus giganteus Bowerbank, 1846 non (Oken, 1819) [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithocheirus giganteus (Bowerbank, 1846) Newton, 1888 [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithodesmus giganteus (Bowerbank, 1846) Kuhn, 1967 [nomen dubium]
> = Pterodactylus conirostris Owen vide Dixon, 1850 [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithochirus giganteus Lydekker, 1888 [sic]
> L. compressirostris (Owen, 1851) Hooley, 1914
> = Pterodactylus compressirostris Owen, 1851
> = Ornithocheirus compressirostris (Owen, 1851) Seeley, 1870
> = Ornithochirus compressirostris Lydekker, 1888 [sic]
> = Ornithocheirus compressiformis Gaal, 1926 [sic]
> ?L. machaerorhynchus (Seeley, 1864) [nomen dubium]
> = Pterodactylus machaerorhynchus Seeley, 1864 [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithocheirus machaerorhynchus (Seeley, 1864) Seeley, 1870 [nomen
dubium]
> = Ptenodactylus machaerorhynchus (Seeley, 1864) Seeley, 1869 [nomen
dubium]
> = Pterodactylus machaerhynchus Sauvage, 1882 [sic]
> = Ornithocheirus machaeorhynchus Hooley, 1914 [sic]
> ?L. oweni (Seeley, 1864) [nomen dubium]
> = Pterodactylus oweni Seeley, 1864 [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithocheirus oweni (Seeley, 1864) Seeley, 1870 [nomen dubium]
> = Ptenodactylus oweni (Seeley, 1864) Seeley, 1869 [nomen dubium]
> = Pterodactylus owenii Sauvage, 1882 [sic]
> ?L. microdon (Seeley, 1870) [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithocheirus microdon Seeley, 1870 [nomen dubium]
> = Pterodactylus microdon (Seeley, 1870) Sauvage, 1882 [nomen dubium]
> = Ptenodactylus microdon Seeley, 1869 [nomen nudum]
> ?L. scaphorhynchus (Seeley, 1870) [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithocheirus scaphorhynchus Seeley, 1870 [nomen dubium]
> = Pterodactylus scaphorhynchus (Seeley, 1870) Sauvage, 1882 [nomen dubium]
> = Ptenodactylus scaphorhynchus Seeley, 1869 [nomen nudum]
> ?L. tenuirostris (Seeley, 1870) [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithocheirus tenuirostris Seeley, 1870 [nomen dubium]
> = Pterodactylus tenuirostris (Seeley, 1870) Sauvage, 1882 [nomen dubium]
> = Ptenodactylus tenuirostris Seeley, 1869 [nomen nudum]
> ?L. daviesii (Owen, 1874)
> = Pterodactylus daviesii Owen, 1874
> = Ornithocheirus daviesii Owen, 1874 emend. Olshevsky, 1991
> = Ornithocheirus daviesi (Owen, 1874) Newton, 1888*
> = Pterodactylus daviesii Owen, 1874 emend. Olshevsky, 1991
> = Pterodactylus daviesi (Owen, 1874) Sauvage, 1882*
> = Ornithochirus daviesi Lydekker, 1888 [sic]
> ?L. sagittirostris (Owen, 1874) Unwin vide Benton, 1993
> = Pterodactylus sagittirostris Owen, 1874
> = Ornithocheirus sagittirostris (Owen, 1874) Newton, 1888
> = Ornithodesmus sagittirostris (Owen, 1874)
> NOTE: Generally considered a synonym of Ornithocheirus, this genus is
> referred to an unnamed new family by Unwin (in Benton, ed., 1993). It is
here
> referred to Ornithocheiridae provisionally. See also note for
Ornithocheirus.
>
> Genus: Ornithocheirus Seeley, 1869
> = Cimoliornis Owen, 1846
> = Cretornis Fritsch, 1880 [nomen dubium]
> = Lithosteornis Gervais, 1844 [nomen nudum]
> = Ornithochirus Lydekker, 1888/Cope, 1872 [sic]
> = Osteornis Gervais, 1844 [nomen nudum]
> = Palaeornis Mantell, 1835/Vigors, 1825
> = Ptenodactylus Seeley, 1869 (preoccupied?)
> ?O. clifti (Mantell, 1835) Newton, 1888
> = Palaeornis clifti Mantell, 1835â
> = Pterodactylus clifti (Mantell, 1835) Bronn, 1848
> = Osteornis ardeaceus Gervais, 1844 [nomen nudum]â
> = Lithosteornis ardeaceus (Gervais, 1844) [nomen nudum]â
> = Pterodactylus silvestris Owen, 1845
> = Pterodactylus sylvestris Owen, 1859 [sic]
> = Ornithochirus clifti Lydekker, 1888 [sic]
> ?O. diomedeus (Owen, 1846) Newton, 1888
> = Osteornis diomedeus Owen, 1844 [nomen nudum]
> = Cimoliornis diomedeus Owen, 1846â
> = Pterodactylus diomedeus (Owen, 1846) Owen, 1851
> = Pterodactylus diomedius (Owen, 1846)
> = Pterodactylus giganteus Morris, 1854 non (Oken, 1819) non Bowerbank,
1846
> = Cimoliornis diomedius Lydekker, 1888 [sic]
> = Ornithochirus diomedius Lydekker, 1888 [sic]
> = Ornithocheirus diomedius Hooley, 1914 [sic]
> O. fittoni (Owen, 1858) Seeley, 1870
> = Pterodactylus fittoni Owen, 1858
> = Ptenodactylus fittoni (Owen, 1858) Seeley, 1869
> = Ornithochirus fittoni Lydekker, 1888 [sic]
> O. sedgwickii (Owen, 1859) emend. Newton, 1888
> = Ornithocheirus sedgwicki (Owen, 1859) Seeley, 1870*
> = Pterodactylus sedgwickii Owen, 1859 (not 1858)
> = Coloborhynchus sedgwickii (Owen, 1859) Owen, 1874
> = Ptenodactylus sedgwickii (Owen, 1859) emend. nov.â
> = Ptenodactylus sedgwicki (Owen, 1859) Seeley, 1869â*
> = Coloborhynchus sedgwicki Sauvage, 1882 [sic]
> = Pterodactylus sedgwicki Sauvage, 1882 [sic]
> = Ornithochirus sedgwicki Lydekker, 1888 [sic]
> ?O. macrorhinus (Seeley, 1869) [nomen nudum]
> = Ptenodactylus macrorhinus Seeley, 1869 [nomen nudum]
> = Pterodactylus macrohinus Sauvage, 1882 [sic]
> O. brachyrhinus Seeley, 1870 [nomen dubium]
> = Pterodactylus brachyrhinus (Seeley, 1870) Sauvage, 1882 [nomen dubium]
> = Ptenodactylus brachyrhinus Seeley, 1869 [nomen nudum]
> O. colorhinus Seeley, 1870 [nomen dubium]
> = Pterodactylus colorhinus (Seeley, 1870) Sauvage, 1882 [nomen dubium]
> = Ptenodactylus colorhinus Seeley, 1869 [nomen nudum]
> ?O. curtus (Owen, 1870) Newton, 1888 [nomen dubium]
> = Pterodactylus curtus Owen, 1870 [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithochirus curtus Lydekker, 1888 [sic]
> O. dentatus Seeley, 1870 [nomen dubium]
> = Pterodactylus dentatus (Seeley, 1870) Sauvage, 1882 [nomen dubium]
> = Ptenodactylus dentatus Seeley, 1869 [nomen nudum]
> O. denticulatus Seeley, 1870 [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithochirus denticulatus Lydekker, 1888 [sic]
> O. enchorhynchus Seeley, 1870 [nomen dubium]
> = Pterodactylus enchorhynchus (Seeley, 1870) Sauvage, 1882 [nomen dubium]
> = Ptenodactylus enchorhynchus Seeley, 1869 [nomen nudum]
> O. huxleyi Seeley, 1870 [nomen dubium]
> O. nasutus Seeley, 1870 [nomen dubium]
> = Pterodactylus nasutus (Seeley, 1870) Sauvage, 1882 [nomen dubium]
> = Ptenodactylus nasutus Seeley, 1869 [nomen nudum]
> O. oxyrhinus Seeley, 1870 [nomen dubium]
> = Pterodactylus oxyrhinus (Seeley, 1870) Sauvage, 1882 [nomen dubium]
> = Ptenodactylus oxyrhinus Seeley, 1869 [nomen nudum]
> O. polyodon Seeley, 1870 [nomen dubium]
> = Ptenodactylus polyodon Seeley, 1869 [nomen nudum]
> = Pterodactylus platyodon Sauvage, 1882 [sic]
> O. xyphorhynchus Seeley, 1870 [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithochirus xyphorhynchus (Seeley, 1870) [nomen dubium]
> ?O. hlavaci (Fritsch, 1880) Fritsch, 1905 [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithocheirus hlavà i (Fritsch, 1880) Fritsch, 1905 [nomen dubium]*
> = Cretornis hlavaci Fritsch, 1880 [nomen dubium]â
> = Cretornis hlavà i Fritsch, 1880 [nomen dubium]â*
> = Cretornis hlavatschi Lydekker, 1888 [sic]
> = Ornithocheirus hlavatschi Newton, 1888 [sic]
> = Ornithochirus hlavatschi Lydekker, 1888 [sic]
> ?O. bunzeli Seeley, 1881 emend. Sauvage, 1882
> = Ornithocheirus bÃnzeli Seeley, 1881*
> = Ornithocheirus bunzelii Sauvage, 1882 [sic]
> NOTE: This species is noted as a possible azhdarchid by Unwin (pers. comm.
in
> Nessov, 1991).
> ?O. hilsensis Koken, 1883 [nomen dubium]
> NOTE: This species probably represents a small theropod dinosaur (Meyer,
> 1884; Williston, 1885).
> O. wiedenrothi Wild, 1990
> NOTE: This genus has become a terrible wastebasket for miscellaneous
> pterosaurian remains from the Cambridge Greensand and elsewhere. Seeley
> failed to nominate a type species until 1881, when he noted it was
> Ornithocheirus simusâthe first species listed under the genus by Seeley in
> 1869. But by then Owen had already made Pterodactylus simus the type
species
> of Criorhynchus (Owen, 1874). The "type" species often cited by
20th-century
> authors (e.g., Kuhn, 1967; Wellnhofer, 1978; Wild, 1990), Ornithocheirus
> compressirostris, was definitely separated from Ornithocheirus into a
> different genus, Lonchodectes, by Hooley (1914). Unfortunately, in his
review
> of Seeley's numerous species, Hooley himself failed to specify type
species
> for his genera Amblydectes and Lonchodectes; nor did he establish a
neotype
> species for Ornithocheirus. Pending publication of revisory work by D.
Unwin,
> the various species of Ornithocheirus are organized here according to
Hooley
> (1914) and those parts of Unwin's reclassification that have already been
> published (as in the section on Pterosauria in The Fossil Record 2
[Benton,
> ed., 1993]). No type species is indicated here for this genus.
> The genus Ptenodactylus, created by Seeley in 1869 for numerous remains in
> the Woodwardian Museum, lacked a type species until the aforementioned
1881
> work, when he noted that its numerous species were "allied with
Pterodactylus
> sedgwicki," thus making that speciesâthe first listed by him in 1869âthe
> type of the genus. But already in 1870 Seeley had abandoned Ptenodactylus
(as
> preoccupied?: Lydekker, 1888) in favor of Ornithocheirus as the generic
name
> for all the Woodwardian Museum species.
>
> Genus: Santanadactylus de BuisonjÃ, 1980
> = Sandactylus Bowler, 1989 [sic]
> S. brasilensis de BuisonjÃ, 1980â
> = Santandactylus brasiliensis Nessov, 1991 [sic]
> ?S. araripensis Wellnhofer, 1985
> ?S. pricei Wellhofer, 1985
> ?S. spixi Wellhofer, 1985
> NOTE: Bennett (1989) considered Santanadactylus araripensis and S. pricei
to
> be pteranodontids and S. spixi to be a dsungaripterid. Bennett also noted
> that the type species may be based on a composite specimen: part
> pteranodontid, part something else. Wellnhofer (1991) retains the former
two
> species in this genus but regards S. spixi as Pterodactyloidia incertae
> sedis. Kellner & Campos (1992) regard Santanadactylus spixi as a
tapejarid.
>

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