[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index][Subject Index][Author Index]

Re: Pterosaur Help



    Now I have 46 species excluding misspellings and including junior and
senior subjective synonyms! But I still have O. wiedenrothi, O. cuvieri, and
O. validus. I still need Nyctosaurus, Rhamphorhynchus, Scaphognathus,
Cycnorhamphus, Dimorphodon, Tupuxuara, and Campylognathoides. I could also
use information on Dorygnathus, Tupuxuara and Domeykodactylus. Could O.
validus be a senior subjective synonym of Doratorhynchus?
    Thanks,
        Michael
----- Original Message -----
From: <Dinogeorge@aol.com>
To: <dinosaur@usc.edu>
Sent: Saturday, November 24, 2001 3:55 PM
Subject: Re: Pterosaur Help


> In a message dated 11/24/01 2:57:36 PM EST, mhanson54@home.com writes:
>
> << I found these other species of Ornithocheirus but I couldn't find their
>  describers; O. wiedenrothi, O. cuvieri, O. woodwardi, O. validus, and  O.
>  nobilis. Altogether, this gives me 36 species (if I include O. sp., O.
>  harpyia [JSS => Pteranodon longiceps], and O.umbrosus [JSS => Pteranodon
>  longiceps). Now, as for Nyctosaurus, Pterodactylus, Rhamphorhynchus,
>  Germanodactylus, Scaphognathus, Cycnorhamphus, Dimorphodon, and
>  Campylognathoides? >>
>
> Not quite fnished with Ornithocheirus. Here's Criorhynchidae:
>
> Family: CRIORHYNCHIDAE Kuhn, 1967
>             Census: 4 genera (1 doubtful),             9 species (5
doubtful)
>
>     = Criorhynchinae Hooley, 1914
>
> Genus: Araripedactylus Wellnhofer, 1977
> A. dehmi Wellnhofer, 1977â
> NOTE: Assigned to this family provisionally, following Wellnhofer's
> unpublished opinion that this genus is similar to if not congeneric with
> Tropeognathus (pers. comm. at 1989 SVP annual meeting). In 1991 he
considered
> it Pterodactyloidia incertae sedis. Listed in an as-yet-undescribed new
> family with Dermodactylus by Unwin (in Benton, 1993).
>
> Genus: Amblydectes Hooley, 1914 [nomen dubium]
> A. crassidens (Seeley, 1870)
> = Ornithocheirus crassidens Seeley, 1870 [nomen dubium]
> = Criorhynchus crassidens (Seeley, 1870) Wellnhofer, 1978 [nomen dubium]
> = Pterodactylus crassidens (Seeley, 1870) Sauvage, 1882 [nomen dubium]
> = Ptenodactylus crassidens Seeley, 1869 [nomen nudum]
> A. eurygnathus (Seeley, 1870) [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithocheirus eurygnathus Seeley, 1870 [nomen dubium]
> = Criorhynchus eurygnathus (Seeley, 1870) Wellnhofer, 1978 [nomen dubium]
> = Ptenodactylus eurygnathus Seeley, 1869 [nomen nudum]
> = Pterodactylus eurygnathus (Seeley, 1870) emend. Olshevsky, 1991 [nomen
> dubium]
> = Pterodactylus eurygnatus (Seeley, 1870) Sauvage, 1882 [nomen dubium]*
> A. platystomus (Seeley, 1870) [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithocheirus platystomus Seeley, 1870 [nomen dubium]
> = Criorhynchus platystomus (Seeley, 1870) Wellnhofer, 1978 [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithochirus platystomus (Seeley, 1870) [nomen dubium]
> = Pterodactylus platystomus (Seeley, 1870) Sauvage, 1882 [nomen dubium]
> = Ptenodactylus platystomus Seeley, 1869 [nomen nudum]
> = Ornithocheirus platysomus Newton, 1888 [sic]
> NOTE: Generally considered a synonym of Criorhynchus, this genus was
> separated from it by Hooley (1914). It is referred to Criorhynchidae
> provisionally. See also note for Ornithocheirus.
>
> Genus: Criorhynchus Owen, 1874
> C. simus (Owen, 1861) Owen, 1874â
> = Pterodactylus simus Owen, 1861
> = Ornithocheirus simus (Owen, 1861) Seeley, 1870â
> = Pterodactylus woodwardi Owen, 1861
> = Criorhynchus woodwardi (Owen, 1861) Owen, 1874
> = Ornithocheirus woodwardi (Owen, 1861) Seeley, 1870
> = Ptenodactylus woodwardi (Owen, 1861) Seeley, 1869
> = Ornithocheirus carteri Seeley, 1869 [nomen nudum]
> = Ornithocheirus platyrhinus Seeley, 1869 [nomen nudum]
> = Ornithocheirus carteri Seeley, 1870 [nomen dubium]
> = Criorhynchus carteri (Seeley, 1870) Owen, 1874 [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithocheirus platyrhinus Seeley, 1870 [nomen dubium]
> = Criorhynchus platyrhinus (Seeley, 1870) [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithochirus simus Lydekker, 1888 [sic]
> C. capito (Seeley, 1870) Owen, 1874 [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithocheirus capito Seeley, 1870 [nomen dubium]
> = Pterodactylus capito (Seeley, 1870) Sauvage, 1882 [nomen dubium]
> = Ptenodactylus capito Seeley, 1869 [nomen nudum]
> C. reedi (Seeley, 1870) Owen, 1874 [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithocheirus reedii Seeley, 1870 [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithocheirus reedi (Seeley, 1870) [nomen dubium]
> NOTE: See also note for Ornithocheirus.
>
> Genus: Tropeognathus Wellnhofer, 1987
> T. mesembrinus Wellnhofer, 1987â
> = Anhanguera mesembrinus (Wellnhofer, 1987) Kellner & Campos, 1989
> T. robustus Wellnhofer, 1987
> = Anhanguera robustus (Wellnhofer, 1987) Kellner & Campos, 1989
> NOTE: Kellner & Campos (1989) regarded this genus as a junior synonym of
> Anhanguera. Wellnhofer (1991), however, retained it as a distinct genus,
> although he (pers. comm. at 1989 SVP annual meeting) previously regarded
this
> genus as a possible junior synonym of Araripedactylus.
>
> And here's Pteranodontidae:
>
>
> Family: PTERANODONTIDAE Marsh, 1876
>             Census: 2 genera (1 doubtful),             3 species (1
doubtful)
>
>     = Ornithostomatidae Williston, 1893
>     = Ornithostomatinae Williston, 1897
>     = Pteranodontes Gadow, 1901
>     = Pteranodontinae Williston, 1892
>     = Pternanodontinae Kuhn, 1967 [sic]
>
> Genus: Ornithostoma Seeley, 1871 [nomen dubium]
> O. sedgwicki Seeley, 1891â
> = Ornithostoma seeleyi Lydekker, 1904 [nomen dubium]â
> NOTE: Seeley erected the genus Ornithostoma without a type species in
January
> 1871 to accommodate a toothless premaxilla and two other edentulous jaw
> fragments. The premaxilla had previously been described by Owen (1859) as
the
> proximal end of a pterosaurian wing-finger metacarpal. Sometime after
> learning of Marsh's Pteranodon, Seeley (1891) realized that the jaw of the
> North American genus was similar to his Ornithostoma fragments and
intimated
> that the two forms might be congeneric. At the same time, he erected the
name
> Ornithostoma sedgwicki for the British species, which, since it is the
first
> species coined within Ornithostoma, became the type species of that genus.
> This was overlooked by Williston (1893), who synonymized the two genera
with
> Ornithostoma ingens (formerly Pteranodon ingens) as the "type" species,
and
> by Lydekker (1904), who unnecessarily created Ornithostoma seeleyi to
serve
> as type species. Ornithostoma sedgwicki is not to be confused with
> Ornithocheirus sedgwickii, for material Owen placed in his new species
> Pterodactylus sedgwickii elsewhere in the aforementioned 1859 work. Unwin
(in
> Benton, 1993) referred the genus Ornithostoma to Pteranodontidae.
>
> Genus: Pteranodon Marsh, 1876
> = Geosternbergia Miller, 1978 (as a subgenus)
> = Geosternbergia (Miller, 1978) Olshevsky, 1991
> = Longicepia Miller, 1978 (as a subgenus)
> = Longicepis Miller, 1972 [sic]
> = Occidentalia Miller, 1972 (as a subgenus)
> = Ornithochirus Cope, 1872 [sic; for Ornithocheirus]
> = Ornithostoma Williston, 1893 non Seeley, 1871
> = Pteronodon Tonks, 1995 [sic; in Dinosaur Collector's Club Newsletter]
> = Sternbergia Miller, 1972/Jordan, 1925 (as a subgenus)
> P. longiceps Marsh, 1876â
> = Pteranodon (Longicepia) longiceps (Marsh, 1876) Miller, 1972â
> = Pteranodon (Pteranodon) longiceps (Marsh, 1876) Miller, 1973â
> = Pterodactylus oweni Marsh, 1871 non Seeley, 1864 [nomen dubium]
> = Pterodactylus occidentalis Marsh, 1872 [nomen dubium; replacement name
for
> Pterodactylus oweni Marsh, 1871]
> = Pteranodon (Occidentalia) occidentalis (Marsh, 1872) Olshevsky, 1978
[nomen
> dubium]
> = Pteranodon occidentalis (Marsh, 1872) Marsh, 1876 [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithocheirus harpyia Cope, 1872 emend. Newton, 1888 [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithochirus harpyia Cope, 1872 [nomen dubium]*
>
> = Pteranodon harpyia (Cope, 1872) Williston, 1903 [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithocheirus umbrosus Cope, 1872 emend. Newton, 1888 [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithochirus umbrosus Cope, 1872 [nomen dubium]*
> = Ornithostoma umbrosum (Cope, 1872) Williston, 1897
> = Pteranodon umbrosus (Cope, 1872) Williston, 1892 [nomen dubium]
> = Pterodactylus umbrosus (Cope, 1872) Cope, 1874 [nomen dubium]
> = Pterodactylus ingens Marsh, 1872 [nomen dubium]
> = Ornithostoma ingens (Marsh, 1872) Williston, 1893 [nomen dubium]â
> = Pteranodon ingens (Marsh, 1872) Marsh, 1876 [nomen dubium]
> = Pteranodon (Longicepia) ingens (Marsh, 1872) Olshevsky, 1978 [nomen
dubium]
> = Pteranodon (Pteranodon) ingens (Marsh, 1872) Olshevsky, 1978 [nomen
dubium]
> = Pterodactylus velox Marsh, 1872 [nomen dubium]  [juv.]
> = Pteranodon velox (Marsh, 1872) Marsh, 1876 [nomen dubium]  [juv.]
> = Pterodactylus owenii Cope, 1874 [sic]
> = Pteranodon comptus Marsh, 1876 [nomen dubium; juv.; in part]
> = Pteranodon (Longicepia) longiecps Miller, 1972 [sic]
> = Pteranodon (Longicepia) marshi Miller, 1972
> = Pteranodon marshi (Miller, 1972)
> = Pteranodon (Pteranodon) marshi (Miller, 1972) Miller, 1973
> = Pteranodon ingens Marsh, 1876 non Marsh, 1872
> = Pteranodon occidentails Miller, 1972 [sic]
> = Pteranodon occidetalis Miller, 1972 [sic]
> = Pteranodon (Sternbergia) walkeri Miller, 1972 [juv.]
> = Geosternbergia walkeri (Miller, 1972) Olshevsky, 1991 [juv.]
> = Pteranodon walkeri (Miller, 1972) Miller, 1972 [juv.]
> = Pteranodon (Geosternbergia) walkeri (Miller, 1972) Miller, 1978 [juv.]
> = Pteranodon oxydactylus McGinnis, 1982 [sic]
> P. sternbergi Harksen, 1966  (paraspecies)
> = Geosternbergia sternbergi (Harksen, 1966) Olshevsky, 1991â
> = Pteranodon (Geosternbergia) sternbergi (Harksen, 1966) Miller, 1978â
> = Pteranodon (Sternbergia) sternbergi (Harksen, 1966) Miller, 1972â
> = Pteranodon sternberg Harksen, 1966 [sic]
> = Pteranodon (Occidentalia) eatoni Miller, 1972â
> = Pteranodon eatoni (Miller, 1972) Miller, 1972 [juv.]
> = Pteranodon occidentalis Marsh, 1876 non Marsh, 1872 [juv.]
> NOTE: This genus is organized according to Bennett (1994). After examining
> virtually all of the more than 1100 specimens of Pteranodon known from the
> Niobrara Formation, Bennett determined that there are only two valid
species
> in the genus, well separated stratigraphically and morphologically. All
the
> other named "species" not referable to the genus Nyctosaurus are either
> nomina dubia or junior subjective synonyms of the two valid species, their
> observed anatomical differences representing individual or anagenetic
> variation, the two sexes (a large "male" morph with narrow pelvic canal
and a
> smaller "female" morph with wide pelvic canal), and/or growth stages or
> allometry (e.g., in crest and specimen sizes). The nomina dubia are based
on
> topotype Niobrara Formation specimens and may thereby tentatively be
> synonymized with one or the other valid species by stratigraphy. Sexes in
> this listing are designated according to the presumed sexes of their type
> specimens. Pteranodon sternbergi is noted here as a paraspecies because
> according to Bennett it was almost certainly ancestral to Pteranodon
> longiceps; it occurs only in older Niobrara strata.
> Miller (1972) subdivided the genus Pteranodon into four subgenera:
Longicepia
> Miller, 1972 (type species Pteranodon longiceps Marsh, 1876), Occidentalia
> Miller, 1972 (type species Pteranodon (Occidentalia) eatoni Miller, 1972,
> based on a specimen originally referred to Pteranodon occidentalis Marsh,
> 1872 by Marsh, 1876), Sternbergia Miller, 1972 (type species Pteranodon
> sternbergi Harksen, 1966), and Nyctosaurus Marsh, 1876 (type species
> Nyctosaurus gracilis [Marsh, 1876] Marsh, 1876). However, Longicepia is a
> junior objective synonym of Pteranodon itself, as a subgenus, because it
> contains the type species; Nyctosaurus is a genus distinct from Pteranodon
> (Schoch, 1984) that belongs in its own family (Bennett, 1989);
Occidentalia
> is a junior subjective synonym of Pteranodon (Wellnhofer, 1978); and
> Sternbergia is a preoccupied name, later changed to Geosternbergia by
Miller
> (1978). Olshevsky (1991) considered Geosternbergia to be a separate genus,
> but Bennett's analysis renders generic separation from Pteranodon
> unnecessary: The supposed differences in skull morphology between
Pteranodon
> sternbergi and Pteranodon longiceps arose largely from preservational
factors
> and errors in specimen reconstruction that appear in the literature. Only
the
> crest shapes and a few minor features of skull anatomy are diagnostically
> distinct; postcranially, the species are indistinguishable.
>
> Genus: [To be described from Colorado; may be either a new genus or a new
> species of Pteranodon; S. C. Bennett, R. T. Bakker, D. B. Weishampel,
pers.
> comms.]
____________________________________________________________
Birds ARE dinosaurs!
mhanson54@home.com
    Welcome to DINOSAURWORLD! (under construction)
    http://dinosaurworld.net/menu
        The Virtual Encyclopedia of The Dinosauria (under construction)
        http://dinosaurs.dinosaurworld.net/
____________________________________________________________