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Researchers Find Possible Precursors To Early Life On Earth In Tagish Lake Meteorite



FYI: December 11, 2002  RESEARCHERS FIND POSSIBLE PRECURSORS TO EARLY LIFE
ON EARTH IN METEORITE

http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/news/releases/2002/J02-122.html

In a study published today in the "International Journal of Astrobiology,"
researchers state that a meteorite that fell to Earth over northwestern
Canada in January 2000 contains a previously unseen type of primitive
organic material that was formed long before our own solar system came into
being.

The Tagish Lake meteorite fell to Earth over the Yukon Territory of Canada
on Jan. 18, 2000. Parts of the meteorite were collected and kept frozen in
an unprecedented level of cleanliness to ensure that it was not contaminated
by any terrestrial sources.

Through extensive testing using, in part, electron microscopes, the
researchers found numerous hollow, bubble-like hydrocarbon globules in the
meteorite. They believe these organic globules, the first found in any
natural sample, are very similar to those produced in laboratory simulations
designed to recreate the initial conditions present when life first formed
in the universe.

"While not of biological origin themselves, these globules would have served
very well to protect and nurture primitive organisms on Earth," said Dr.
Michael Zolensky, an author of the paper and a researcher in the Office of
Astromaterials Research and Exploration Science at NASA's Johnson Space
Center in Houston. "They would have been ready-made homes for early life
forms."

The type of meteorite in which the globules were found is also so fragile
that it generally breaks up into dust during its entry into Earth's
atmosphere, scattering its organic contents across a wide swath.

"If, as we suspect, this type of meteorite has been falling onto Earth
throughout its entire history, then the Earth was provided with these
hydrocarbon globules at the same time life was first forming here," Zolensky
said. "We were exceedingly fortunate that this particular meteorite was so
large that some pieces survived to be recovered on the ground."

Last year, researchers at NASA's Ames Research Center in Moffett Field,
Calif., announced that they had made basically identical hydrocarbon
globules in the laboratory from materials present in the early solar system
and interstellar space.

"What we have now shown is that that these globules were in fact made
naturally in the early solar system, and have been falling to Earth
throughout time," Zolensky said.

The researchers believe the Tagish Lake meteorite came from the outer
asteroid belt, toward Jupiter, and that similar organic materials may have
been falling onto the moons of Jupiter, including Europa.

"It is interesting to speculate about the presence of these organics in the
ocean we believe may be present under the ice cap of this moon," Zolensky
said.

A team of five researchers collaborated on the two-year study.  The team was
led by Keiko Nakamura of Kobe University in Japan, who was funded by the
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. Nakamura is now working at JSC
under a postdoctoral grant from the U.S. National Research Council.
Co-authors of the study include Zolensky, who was funded by the NASA
Cosmochemistry Program; Satoshi Tomita and Kazushige Tomeoka, both of Kobe
University, who were funded by the Japan Society for the Promotion of
Science and the Japanese Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture,
respectively; and Satoru Nakashima of the Tokyo Institute of Technology, who
was also funded by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.

-end-

Catherine E. Watson
Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas
(Phone: 281/483-5111)

Release: #J02-122

Patti Kane-Vanni
pkv1@erols.com  or  pkvanni@sas.upenn.edu
http://groups.msn.com/DinosaurandFossilDigs