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Re: New refs (Euoplocephalus, Spinosaurus)

A DREAM: Lebanon -- not New Jersey's Cretaceous amber
-- holds the greatest promise for the finding of
amber-embraced baby pterosaurs or theropods. It is
only a matter of time...and will come sooner rather
than later if/when Lebanon can unravel itself from the
grip of protofascist mythos which kills its people and
others. Some of the amber specimens surfacing from
Lebanon are genuinely spectacular (and undescribed).
--- "bh480@scn.org" <bh480@scn.org> wrote:
> From: Ben Creisler bh480@scn.org
> Here are some rew and recent refs which I don't
> recall seeing mentioned.
> VICKARYOUS, M.K. and A.P. RUSSELL, 2003. A
> redescription of the skull of
> Euoplocephalus tutus (Archosauria: Ornithischia): a
> foundation for
> comparative and systematic studies of ankylosaurian
> dinosaurs. Zoological
> Journal of the Linnean Society. 137 (1): 157 - 187.
> (January 2003).
> Euoplocephalus tutus Lambe (1902) from the Late
> Cretaceous of North
> America, was the first ankylosaurian dinosaur known
> from significant
> cranial material. Previous descriptions of this and
> other members of the
> Ankylosauria have been constrained by a paucity of
> material and an
> extremely apomorphic skull architecture, including
> the pervasive
> development of an embossing osseous ornamentation,
> and the absence of
> traditional morphological landmarks. A relative
> abundance of more recently
> collected and prepared cranial material attributable
> to Euoplocephalus
> enables a reappraisal of this taxon (including the
> type specimen), and
> permits it to be employed as a morphological
> representative of the clade.
> In recognition of previous difficulties encountered
> due to peculiarities of
> ankylosaurian anatomy, a fresh descriptive approach
> is necessitated.
> Herein, the skull is subdivided into five mutually
> exclusive topographic
> regions, within which individual elements are
> assigned with the assistance
> of outgroup comparison. Euoplocephalus is
> characterized by a distinctive
> pattern of cranial sculpturing across the preorbital
> area, relatively
> small, variably fluted teeth lacking a cingulum, a
> modified palpebral and a
> shallow nasal vestibule. Among ankylosaurine
> ankylosaurs, Euoplocephalus is
> unique in having medially inflected maxillary tooth
> rows. Osteological
> evaluation of the type skull of Anodontosaurus
> lambei Sternberg, 1929
> supports its placement into synonymy with
> Euoplocephalus. 
> Buffetaut-E & M. Ouaja,  2002. A new specimen of
> Spinosaurus (Dinosauria,
> Theropoda) from the Lower Cretaceous of Tunisia,
> with remarks on the
> evolutionary history of the Spinosauridae
> : 415-421.
> AB: A newly discovered incomplete dinosaur dentary
> from the Chenini
> Sandstones (early Albian) of Jebel Miteur (Tataouine
> Governorate, southern
> Tunisia) is extremely similar to the corresponding
> part of the type of
> Spinosaurus aegyptiacus STROMER, 1915, and is
> identified as Spinosaurus cf.
> aegyptiacus. A review of African spinosaurids shows
> that baryonychines were
> present in the Aptian, and apparently became
> replaced by spinosaurines in
> the Albian and Cenomanian, perhaps as part of a more
> general faunal change
> between the Aptian and Albian. Spinosaurines may
> have been derived from the
> less advanced baryonychines. Several alternative
> hypotheses about the
> biogeographical history of the Spinosauridae are
> discussed.
> Buffetaut, E., 2002. Giant ground birds at the
> Cretaceous-Tertiary
> boundary; extinction or survival?
> In: Catastrophic events and mass extinctions;
> impacts and beyond. Special
> Paper - Geological Society of America. 356: 303-306.
> 2002.
> A family of giant, flightless ground birds, the
> Gastornithidae, has been
> known for a long time from the early Tertiary (late
> Paleocene to middle
> Eocene) of both Europe and North America. The giant
> ground bird
> Gargantuavis was recently described from the Upper
> Cretaceous (probably
> early Maastrichtian) of France. The question may
> therefore be asked whether
> there is any close phylogenetic relationship between
> Gargantuavis and the
> Gastornithidae, which would suggest survival of
> giant birds across the
> Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. A close anatomical
> comparison, however,
> reveals that Gargantuavis is a much more primitive
> bird than the
> Gastornithidae, and that they do not belong to the
> same lineage,
> resemblances probably being due to convergent
> adaptation to a similar mode
> of life. Although it cannot be demonstrated at the
> moment that Gargantuavis
> became extinct at the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T)
> boundary, this is a
> distinct possibility. If this is the case, the mass
> extinction of the K-T
> boundary will appear to have stopped early giantism
> and flightlessness in
> birds; these were followed by renewed and similar
> giantism and
> flightlessness in a different group of birds in the
> Paleocene.
> Arnold E.N., Azar D.,  Ineich, I &  Nel, A. 2002.
> The oldest reptile in
> amber: A 120 million year old lizard from Lebanon. 
> Journal of
> Zoology-London. 258 (1): 7-10. (September, 2002)
> Animals enclosed in amber often provide a unique
> insight into their surface
> structure. Such fossils of reptiles are rare and
> usually not extremely
> ancient, the earliest being no more than 40 million
> years (my). A recently
> discovered 120 my lizard from the Lower Cretaceous
> of Lebanon provides
> direct evidence that several common external
> features of autarchoglossan
> lizards had evolved by this time. Ecomorphology
> indicates that the lizard
> concerned had considerable climbing ability on open
> surfaces and perhaps in
> vegetation, and probably lived in a mesic forested
> environment, something
> supported by associated plant and invertebrate
> remains. [Baabdasaurus
> xenurus]
> Comment: Fun to speculate about finding a baby
> pterosaur or climbing
> theropod in amber one day at this site.......
> mail2web - Check your email from the web at
> http://mail2web.com/ .

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