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Re: Penguins of the North (scenario)
At 03:04 PM 09/01/02 +0000, Ken Kinman wrote:
The only northern survivors of those "good times" are the Galapagos
penguins, the smallest penguins in the world. Being small they probably
need less food, heat prostration would be less of a problem, and a lack
of predators-----these and other advantages allow the Galapagos penguins
to be the only modern survivors this far north. But in spite of these
advantages, they are endangered due mainly to the ravages of periodic El
Actually the Little Penguin of Australia and New Zealand is less than half
the weight of the Galapagos species - 1 kg as opposed to 2-2.5 kg.
I would be very surprised to hear of any more northerly fossil remains -
other than the Galapagos Penguin no penguin, alive or (I think) fossil, has
been found breeding north of the South Temperate Zone.
PS - I made an error the other day - Gentoo as well as Chinstrap Penguins
breed on the Palmer Peninsula, though the Emperor and Adelie are still the
only widespread Antarctic penguins.
Ronald I. Orenstein Phone: (905) 820-7886
International Wildlife Coalition Fax/Modem: (905) 569-0116
1825 Shady Creek Court
Mississauga, Ontario, Canada L5L 3W2 mailto:email@example.com