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Quoting "Jaime A. Headden" <email@example.com>:
> I looked up Latin sources on the origin of "manual." It seems to be a
> new ending, that does not naturally exist in Latin.
I'm not sure what you mean. _-a:lis_ (colon means long vowel) is a very common
adjective-forming suffix in Latin.
> The given fourth
> declension genetive for the Latin "manus" happens to be "manus" or
> "manuum", though the last is also nominative.
The stems of all 4th declension nouns end in an underlying -u.
The genitive singular is _manu:s_ (note long vowel), as opposed to nominative
singular _manus_ (short vowel). The long vowel in the genitive is the result
of the merger of the stem vowel in _manu-_ with the vowel in the genitive
ending _-is_: manu- + -is > manu:s.
The dative/ablative plural form _manibus_ arises because of a general rule in
Latin which changes all vowels in non-initial, non-final syllables, when
followed by a single consonant, to /i/: manu- + -bus > manubus > manibus.
Some early sources do show the form _manubus_.
> The -u- modifier is used in
> extension of adding a suffix or additional root, and in manufactus,
> manuscriptum, etc.
In _manus_, the -u- is simply part of the root, rather than a suffix.
> "Manifold" does not come from Latin,
> but appears to be a corruption of the Latin "multiplex",
Right. "Manifold" is what is known as a gloss, in which a multi-part word in
one language is broken up, each part translated into the other language, and
then stuck back together.
_mult(o)_ "many" + _plex_ "folded" -> many + fold -> manifold
German is chock full of glosses from Latin words.
Whew. Something tells me Nick has too much time on his hands.
Oh, uh... _Dinosauri: gelidissimi: sunt!_
- From: "Jaime A. Headden" <firstname.lastname@example.org>