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Re: Osteocalcin and dinosaur DNA

> Greetings, 
Ahoj Vlad...e? :-) 
> I was just reading some older postings and would like to ask if there 
> is anything new about: 
> 1.) Muyzer et al. 1992 study concerning the possibilities of 
> detecting and extracting protein osteocalcin from dinosaur bones 
> using PCR. 
Certainly not. PCR can amplify DNA but not proteins. 
> [...] Also the measurements of Gla/Glu ratio showed presence 
> of osteocalcin in all three samples. 
Is that Gln/Glu (glutamine/glutaminic acid)? 
> 2.) "Spherical structures" resembling a red blood cells from T. rex 
> (Ph.D. Schweitzer's research). 
No idea. 
> Also, is it true that some parts of dinosaur bone (femur?) were not 
> mineralised but were in fact original bone? How is that possible 
> 65-70 Ma after fossilization? 
Do you mean _re_mineralised? This 
http://www.dinosauria.com/jdp/fossil/fossil.htm and this 
http://www.dinosauria.com/jdp/fossil/fossil.htm might help. 
> [...] if we can extract enough osteocalcin material from 
> bones of various dinosaur species to do a DNA sequencing 
Osteocalcin is a protein and not DNA. But of course proteins can be 
> and compare the outcoming sequences 
> afterwards, will that reveal e.g. the level of relativness between 
> dinosaur species, genera, clades? Could it, hypothetically, resolve 
> the taxonomic problems like "Is _Seismosaurus hallorum_ valid genus 
> or is it a species of Diplodocus?" 
A genericometer! If we manage to agree on a phenetic definition for genera 
( :-D ), then perhaps. The usefulness of this is another question... 

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