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Re: Coelurosaurian Analysis Matrix & Character List!!



OK all of the list couldnt be sent all in one, so
lemme do it this way:


Also, heres the last OTU, Confuciusornis:
Confucious0000000000 0000000000 000000000 1111111000
0011111111 1111001000 000000000 0000000000 0000000000
000000000 0000000000 000000000 0000000000 0000000111
111111111 1000000000 0000000000 0111111100 0000000000
0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 00000000 0000000000
0000??0000 0001111111 1111000000

Since I couldnt find any Pygostylian or
Therizinosauroid characters I just made up a few.

      Steven Mahon

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1.most distal posterior serration forming tip of tooth
2.enlarged elongate maxillary fenatra
3.dentary dentaryfornina inside lateral groove
4.calcaneum fused
5.tongue-like extension of articular surface          
metatarsal III 
6.metatarsal IV most robust in pes
7.lateral depression in braincase
8.fibula reduced to splint
9.maxilla broadly contacts naris
10.nasals narrow caudally

11.numerous teeth 
12.enlarged serrations
13.teeth w/ blood grooves
14.inter dental plates absent
15.no basisphenoid recess
16.inflated parasphenoid
17.dorsal premaxillary process dorsoventrally
flattened
18.orbital flange on prefrontal
19.maxillary & dentary teeth implanted in groove
20.flexor depression proximal to distal condyles on
proximal manual phalanges

21.paired flexor processes on manual phalanx I-1
22.dorsolateral tubercle on manual phalanx I-1
23.metacarpal-phalangeal joint of digit 1 w/
approximately 15 degrees maximum extension
24.metacarpal III at least 75% the width of metacarpal
II
25.metacarpals w/ 60-70% of shafts in contact
26.metacarpal I at least 60% the length of metacarpal
II
27.subnarial foramen absent
28.cervical epipophyses not overhanging the
postzygopophyses
29.posterior dorsal neural spines lower than long 

30.opisthopubic pubis
31.large pubic apron
32.ischia that do not fuse into a symphasis
33.presence of furcula
34.sternal plates w/ attached & ossified sternal ribs
35.laterally facing glenoid
36.L-shaped coracoid that attaches to anterior surface
of sternal apparatus
37.peculiarly flattened internarial bar
38.extension of dentary tooth row behind that of
maxilla
39.alveoli w/ incomplete septa

40.metacarpals I-III w/ extension shaft-to-shaft
contact
41.iliac blades meet in the mid-line
42.no postorbital-jugal contact
43.no quadratojugal-squasmosal contact
44.wide neural canal in dorsals
45.no contact between distal ends of ischia
46.fibular tubercle for M. iliofib. projects laterally
47.no medial fossa on proximal end fibula
48.endentulous maxilla (tooth from premaxilla or
dentary)
49.prominent hypophyses on cervicodorsals

50.sternum rectangular longitudinally, w/ ossified
keel
51.distal carpals fused w/ metacarpals
52.pelvis w/ prominent antitrochanter
53.ischium greater than 2/3 length of pubis
54.tympanic recess opens within columellar recess (not
paroccipital process)
55.teeth w/ unserrated crowns
56.caudal count less than 25-26
57.short, reduced caudal zygapophyses
58.sacrals procoelous
59.posterior synsacrals compresses, vental keel
present

60.stout ungual I, quadrangular posteriorly
61.pubic peduncle of ilium slender
62.common ancestor had flexible (procoelous) tail
63.T-shaped lacrimal, Y-shaped quadratojugal
64.neural spines of neck vertebrae large & erect
66.tendon-like extensions of tail zygapophyses,
chevrons
67.paired sternal plates
68.pubis faces down & backward to parallel ischium
69.distal articulation of metatarsal II & III
ginglymoid

70.dental serrations front much smaller than in back
71.second premaxilla largest
72.external nares enlarged 
73.jugal embraces lateral temporal fenestra ventrally
74.about 40 teeth primitively, become larger
anteriorly
75.dorsal neural arches elevated anteriorly
76.manual unguals flatsided & deep
77.antdorsal rim of ilium everted
78.ventral pelvic elements strap like, rotated
posteriorly
79.metatarsus short secondary contact between
metatarsal I & ankle

80.pes I ungual largest
81.pneumatic cassowary-like creat often present
82.abbreviated, generally edentulous parrot-like beaks
83.elevated external nares
84.dentary symphasis fused
85.dentary bifurcates posteriorly, large external
mandibular fenestrum
86.tongue-in-groove sliding jaw articulation
87.infranarial process of premaxilla contacts nasal 
88.presacrals contain pleurocoels
89.cervicodorsals have hypophyses

90.long beaks
91.manus digitII longer than III
92.manual digit II more gracile
93.short beaks
94.manus digits II & III robust & subequal length
95.proximal metatarsal III broad
96.long, low skull arched behind the orbits
97.bulbous parasphenoid
98.elongate cervicals w/ low neural spines

99.no pleurocoels on dorsal vertebrae
100.elongate tibia
101.orbits anteromedially inclined
102.sharp saggital crest
103.large # of maxilla & dentary teeth alveoli increase size posteriorly
104.teeth w/ constriction between root & crown, large curved denticles
105.6 sacral vertebrae
106.distal caudals w/ narrow groove instead of spine
107.clavicles distinct & small
108.lunate carpal
109.shaft of fibula exteremely narrow
110.metatarsals w/ compressed II, strongly pinched III, & robust IV
111.modified raptorial digit
112.infranarial process of premaxilla elongated, 
113.temporal fossa of premaxilla elongated, articulation slopes anteroventrally
114.quadrotojugal covers or nearly covers lower part of lateral temporal fossa
115.shallow lunate coracoid
116.lacks furcula
117.elongated forelimbs

118.reduced deltopectoral crest on humerus
119.manual digits subequal in length & development
120.metatarsal I & phalanx lost
121.metatarsal III proximal, excluded from extensor surface
122.long metatarsus, short phalanges of digit IV
123.hooved pedal unguals
124.D-shaped premaxillary tooth
125.diamond-shaped vomer
126.quadratojugal, squasmosal protrude into lateral temporal fenestra
127.furcula present

128.manus II reduced to metacarpal
129.large pubic foot
130.long pointed ischium
131.tuberosity on anterior proximal end of fibula 
132.strongly consticted metatarsal III
133.pits (warts) on nasals
134.radius-ulna not supinators
135.ischium short 2/3 or less length of pubis
136.loss of ischial foot
137.triangular obturator process on ischium

138.reduced femoral 4th trochanter
139.jugal on rim of antorbital fenestra
140.cervical zygapophyses flexed longitudinally
141.metacarpal I 1/3 or less of metacarpal II
142.metacarpal III long & slender
143.posterodorsal arc of of ilium curves posteroventrally
144.ulna w/ a curved shaft
145.ischium w/ a broad obturator notch & reduced distal symphysis
146.thin, bowed metacarpal III

147.15 or less caudals w/ transverse processes
148.unserrated premaxillary teeth but serrated
149.powerful manus I-1 
150.fan-shaped dorsal neural spines
151.limited anterior expansion of pubic foot
152.prominent obturator process of ischium
153.trapezoidal obturator process on ischium
154.raptorial pes
155.supratemporal fenestrae elongated craniocaudally, longer than wide by 200% 
or so
156.the premaxillary tomial edge is crenellate

157.the paroccipital processes are pendent in lateral & posterior view, 
depending to about half the distance between the base & the ventral edge of the 
quadrate/articular
158.the mecklian groove is shallow, rather than deeply incised into the dentary
159.the surrangular bears a short triangular process that invades the external 
mandibular fenestra from the top& rear
160.the external mandibular fenestra height is more than 300% of the total 
mandibular height
161.the external mandibular fenestra length is more than 300% of the total 
mandibular length
162.the dorsal margin of the external naris is dorsal to the dorsal margin of 
the antorbital fenestra
163.the caudal margin of the external naris is caudal to the rostral margin of 
the antorbital fenestra
164.the dorsoposterior surrangular process is as long as high or longer
165.the pareitals are longer than frontals
166.the 4th trochanter is absent, replaced either by a notch or a fossa

167.the lateral aspect of the ischium is broadly C-shaped, w/ the obturator 
process at about 1/2 its length
168.separate exit for the cranial nerve V
169.3rd antorbital fenestra
170.elongated anterior cervical zygapophyses
171.ischium ends in point 
172.length of forelimb 75% of presacral spine 
173.ulna bowed posteriorly
174.semilunate carpal, which permits hand to flex both laterally & 
dorsoventrally
175.gracile, cursorial w/ long neck & tail
176.enlarged beak-like premaxilla

177.premaxilla w/ long posterior process seperating maxilla from nasal
178.long shallow snout formed dorsally by elongated nasal
179.nares at tip of snout between premaxilla & nasal
180.elongated antorbital fenestra fossa w/ 2-3 fenestrae
181.very large orbit
182.bone capsule of unknown function at base of braincase
183.braincase & overlying frontals are strongly domed, sloping forward smoothly 
on the frontals & nasals, & back sharply on parietals
184.postorbital skull short 
185.squasmosal w/ pneumatic recess
186.lower temporal fenestra reduced
 
187.quadrate slopes anteroventrally, lower jaw is offset anteriorly & 
articulates below the orbit
188.premaxillary teeth incisor-like w/ both carinae of each tooth being placed 
along the same plane perpindicular to the main axis of the skull 
189.teeth, where present lack serrations
190.vertebrae 10+13+5-6+<40
191.caudals moderately elongated w/ low spines & short ribs fused to centra 
192.dorsals w/ taller spines
193.caudals have transverse processes proximally which apparently retrovert 
distally
194.large pectoral girdle w/ especially large coracoid bearing posteroventral 
process & large tubercle for biceps
195.secondary palate formed from premaxilla & maxilla
196.clavicles unknown & girdle may be mobile

197.gracile, straight humerus w/ reduced deltopectoral crest
198.ulna & radius adhere distally
199.carpals flat, reduced & perhaps could not flex
200.semilunate carpal block reduced or absent
201.long hand
202.metacarpals equal length
203.digits equal length
204.unguals straight w/ weak flexor tubercles
205.strongly propubic w/ pubes fused 
206.semicircular scar on posterior face of ischium
207.tibia elongate
208.metatarsus elongated to ~80% length of tibia
219.short, stout pedal digits
210.pes V absent 
211.long ischium
212.head unusually small
213.anterior jaws toothless & form bill structure
214.teeth small, slightly flattened & bulbuos
215.braincase & vertebrae pneumatized
216.neck long & light

217.cervicals elongate & highly pneumatizedd w/ widely-spaced zygapophyses
218.anterior dorsal vertebrae w/ tall neural arches
229.dorsal ribs flat & broad
220.tail somewhat short, anteriorly massive
221.scapula strap-like
222.large coracoid
223.humerus massive w/ expanded ends in some species 
224.conspicuous, sharply peaked deltopectoral crest posteromedially on humerus 

225.manus variable, but generally large & bearing long claws, curved or uncurved
226.very broad pelvis
227.ilia widely seperated 
228.ilia very deep above acetabulum & flare laterally
229.post-acetabulur ilia are short w/ unique knob-like protrubences
230.pubes retroverted
231.tibia 80% length of femur
232.fibula slender & appressed to tibia
233.short metatarsus (<1/3 length of tibia)
234.broad, short 4-toed feet

235.foot claws (unguals) pointed, curved laterally & compressed
236.proximal end of 1st metatarsus reaches tarsus
237.ectopterygoid lateral to palatine 
238.reduced basipterygoid processes
239.external nariss longer than antorbital fenestra
240.posterior section of premaxilla toothless
241.dentary symphsis decurved
242.dentary symphsis deflected medially
243.2 pairs of cervical pleurocoels
244.ventral sulcus on cervical centra flanked by ventrolaterally

245.cervical prezygapophyses seperated by a U-shaped space
246.caudal vertebrae decrease in length posteriorly
247.pubic foot expanded anteriorly
248.Pygostylian
249.Pygostylian
250.Pygostylian
251.Pygostylian
252.Pygostylian
253.Pygostylian
254.Pygostylian

255.Pygostylian
256.Pygostylian
257.Pygostylian
258.Pygostylian
259.Therizinoid
260.Therizinoid
261.Therizinoid
262.Therizinoid
263.Therizinoid
264.Therizinoid
------ NIHIL  OBSTAT from CMNH ------

coel1.txt was scanned by InterScan VirusWall and no virus was found
coel2.txt was scanned by InterScan VirusWall and no virus was found
coel3.txt was scanned by InterScan VirusWall and no virus was found
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