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RE: Fossil find 'oldest land animal'

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-----Original Message-----
From: Garrison Hilliard [mailto:garrison@efn.org] 
Sent: 26 January 2004 12:37
To: dinosaur@usc.edu
Subject: Fossil find 'oldest land animal' 

Fossil find 'oldest land animal' 

Scientists have decided that a fossil found near Stonehaven in
Aberdeenshire is
the remains of the oldest creature known to have lived on land. 
It is thought that the one-centimetre millipede which was prised out of
siltstone bed is 428 million years old. 

Experts at the National Museums of Scotland and Yale University, US,
studied the fossil for months. 

They say the specimen is the earliest evidence of a creature living on
dry land,
rather than in the sea. 

The discovery on the foreshore of Cowie Harbour was made by an amateur
hunter, Mike Newman. 

To recognise his role in the significant find, the new species -
newmani - has been named after him. 

Scotland has the best Palaeozoic, pre-Triassic, pre-dinosaur sites in
the world 
Mike Newman 
Fossil hunter 
The Aberdeen bus driver, who lives in Kemnay, told the Sunday Herald
"I knew that the site had been re-aged, that it was older than
thought, so I went down there. 
"I knew that any terrestrial-type things with legs found there could be
and important. 

"I had found millipedes there before, but this one had evidence of the
that showed it actually breathed. 

"I'm interested in particular in fossil fish; I describe the fish in
journals, but things like this creature I pass on." 

He added: "Scotland has the best Palaeozoic - pre-Triassic, pre-dinosaur
- sites
in the world. 

Spidery animals 

"There are more sites in the small country of Scotland than the whole of
the US
and Russia put together. 

"It's a fantastic place for these very old invertebrates. Just think,
the first
air-breathing creature crawled out of the swamp at Stonehaven." 

The fossil is believed to be some 20 million years older than what had
previously been thought of as the oldest breathing animal - a peculiar
spider-like creature chiselled out of the chert - a hard quartz rock -
Rhynie, also in Aberdeenshire. 

The millipede had spiracles, or primitive breathing structures on the
outside of
its body, making it the oldest air-breathing creature to have been

The site near Stonehaven is well known in fossil collecting circles for
arthropods - animals with segmented bodies and jointed limbs - such as

Story from BBC NEWS:

Published: 2004/01/25 11:46:37 GMT