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Re: Ceratopsian integument
Holy Jehosephatz! An artist is actually attempting to get dinosaur skin
There are a few images of ceratopsian skin available aside from the
aforementioned _Chasmosaurus_ paper. Check out the following:
Figure 8 in "Skin" by Stephen Czerkas in Currie & Padian's _Encyclopedia of
Dinosaurs," for a photo of _Chasmosaurus_ skin, with its characteristic
rosette pattern of 3" diameter disc-shaped tubercles surrounded by polygonal
tubercles. The article also mentions skin fossils of _Centrosaurus_,
_Triceratops_, and _Psittacosaurus_.
_Chasmosaurus_ skin photo (captioned simply "Fossilized dinosaur skin.
Courtesy of the National Museums of Canada.") on page 37 of _The New
Photo on p. 41 in "Skinning the Dinosaur" by Don (sorry Brian!) Lessem,
_Discover_, March 1989.
Cast of _Triceratops_ skin (lacking the rosette pattern, but displaying
excellent detail) at
For artist's _Triceratops_ restorations featuring the rosettes, I recommend:
Figure 2-1, page 29, _Predatory Dinosaurs of the World_, by Gregory S. Paul.
_Triceratops_ (bronze) by Brian Cooley, page 138, _Dinosaur Imagery: the
Pages 224-225 and back cover, by Mark Hallett, _Dinosaurs: a Global View_,
by Sylvia and Stephen Czerkas.
Stephen Czerkas also created a meticulously detailed life size
_Styracosaurus_ sculpture that was featured in the traveling exhibit,
"Dinosaurs: A Global View."
The precise layout and texture of _Triceratops_ tubercles is unknown, but
_Triceratops_ integument was probably more like that of _Chasmosaurus_ than
the pelt of _Psittacosaurus_ (see illustration and commentary at
what the !?). %^)
"Dino Guy" Ralph W. Miller III
Docent at the California Academy of Sciences
proud member of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology