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Advances in Vertebrate Paleontology "Hen to Panta"
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I found the, seemingly, first issue of this... probable journal in the
geosciences library in May or June. The papers are dated 2003. Two are
Attila Åsi, Coralia-Maria Jianu & David B. Weishampel: Dinosaurs from the
Upper Cretaceous of Hungary, 117 -- 120
"The dinosaur fauna from IharkÃt, Hungary (Early Santonian) was discovered
in year 2000 [sic] and has produced several hundred specimens through
excavations that have continued since then. To date, the assemblage consists
of fishes, lizards, crocodilians, pterosaurs, and dinosaurs, including
birds. Here we review the geology, depositional environments, and taphonomy
at IharkÃt. We also discuss three components of the dinosaur fauna: a
nodosaurid ankylosaur, two different dromaeosaurid theropods, and a new
All fossils from there are unnamed, at least so far.
Albanerpetontids and carbonized plant fragments are also present in those
layers, called the CsehbÃnya Formation.
The material is not bad. The nodosaurid consists of 3 individuals, of which
the best preserved and most complete "consists of a part of a disarticulated
skull, vertebrae, parts of the pectoral and pelvic girdles, portions of the
fore- and hindlimbs (Fig. 3 [which depicts one complete femur]) and more
than 100 dermal plates and scutes. The other two individuals consist of
fragmentary ris, vertebrae, and dermal plates and scutes." The first
specimen "may be the most complete ankylosaur from Europe".
Two different theropods have been identified at IharkÃt based on teeth and a
small fragmentary tibia. Numerous teeth can be attributed to a small
*Richardoestesia*[sic]-like coelurosaurian, known predominantly from the
Late Cretaceous of North America, but also now reported from the HaÅeg Basin
of Romania (GODEFROIT et al. 2002). Four teeth of a large theropod have also
been collected; these teeth suggest that this theropod had a skeleton of
about 4 to 5 m total length. Some differences in the serration of the
carinae and in the curvature of the crown exist between the large IharkÃt
teeth, those of *Variraptor* from the Late Cretaceous of France, and some
abelisaurid teeth from Spain [...]. However, it is important to note that
the Hungarian teeth are very similar to two fragmentary teeth from the Upper
Cretaceous Gosau Beds of Muthmannsdorf, Austria. They seem much more likely
to be the teeth of a large dromaeosaurid than those of a carnosaur or
Aha... there are theropod teeth in the institute collections here... I'll
have to ask the curator to let me see them...
"The new ornithopod from IharkÃt is presently known from three teeth and a
nearly complete and uncrushed femur." Oldest rhabdodontid in the world, so
"In addition, rare avian long bones, portions of a pterosaur wing skeleton,
crocodilians, a large lizard, and bony fishes are known from IharkÃt. On the
basis of preliminary sedimentological and taphonomic data, the IharkÃt
skeletal and dental material was deposited either at the base of alluvial
channels or along broad floodplains. The position, orientation and
preservation of the nodosaur material suggest minimal transportation and
The references include:
"Åsi A. (in press) The first body fossils of dinosaurs from the Upper
Cretaceous CsehbÃnya Formation, Bakony Mts., Hungary. GÃobios"
Erika PosmoÅanu: The palaeoecology of the dinosaur fauna from a Lower
Cretaceous bauxite deposit from Bihor (Romania), 121 -- 124
Abstract: "The Cornet asemblage has a low faunal diversity in comparison
with other European Wealden vertebrate associations. The abundance of
ornithopod dinosaurs and the rarity of other taxa suggest that the Cornet
area was selected by ornithopods for some necessary resource. Theropods
might also have resided in the area. The vicinity of fresh water is attested
by the presence of ostracods and gastropodes [sic], as well as of
charophytes. The presence of the aquatic birds also suggests the proximity
of water resources. Pterosaurs attest the vicinity of the shore. Taphonomic
data indicate an attritional assemblage which has been [sic] deposited over
a long period of time. The presence of both adults and juveniles may be an
indication of the social behavior of ornithopod dinosaurs."
Age is probably late Berriasian to early Valanginian.
A few more quotes...
"TALLODI-POSMOÅANU & POPA (1997) assigned several teeth and some fused
carpal bones to *Camptosaurus*, although the features of the teeth are very
similar to Iguanodontidae."
"The presence of theropods is attested by an ungual phalanx (BENTON et al.
1997) and by various bite marks (punctures and elongate grooves) on
ornithopod bones." Hm... crocodiles? "[...] there is no evidence for
crocodiles [...]" -- There's a healed bite mark (PosmoÅanu 2000).
"KESSLER & JURCSÃK (1986) described two new bird genera, namely a flightless
ratite (palaeognath) *Palaeocursornis biharicus* and a grebe-like bird
(neognath) *Eurolimnornis corneti*, as well as a partial left humerus of
*Archaeopteryx* sp. These descriptions are still subject of discussion.
BENTON et al. (1997) considered that the supposed bird bones belong more
likely to small theropods, but the evidence of the pneumatic foramen on at
least some femora attests the presence of the birds in the paleocommunity.
The femur fragment of *Palaeocursornis biharicus* is now considered a bone
of a penguin-like bird (KESSLER & GÃLL 1995), which changes the former
palaeoecological interpretations (JURCSÃK & KESSLER 1985)."
Penguin-like bird? What??? Must be a horrible scrap of bone. Well, the ref
"Kessler E., GÃll E. (1995) A new theory concerning the origin and evolution
of birds, Sixth Symposium on Mesozoic Terrestrial Ecosystems and Biota,
Short papers, :215-216"
And the others...
"PosmoÅanu E. (2000) DeformÄri patologice ale oaselor de dinozauri din
bauxitele de vÃrstÄ Cretacic inferioarÄ, Cornet - Lentila 204, Bihor,
Nymphaea Folia Naturae Bihariae, 28, :57-63."
"JurcsÃk T., Kessler E. (1985) La palÃofaune de Cornet - implications
phylogÃnÃtiques et Ãcologiques, Ãvolution et Adaptation, II, :137-147."
(last accent missing, all others of the title pointing in the wrong
direction in the original)
The Hungarian site sounds promising.