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Re: *Brachiosaurus* labyrinth paper...

Surely the assumption is that the habitual posture should be the one
with minimal stress everywhere? At least that's how I read Christian
& Heinrich 1998.

Sorry... in fact I didn't. _Because_ the stress of longitudinal compression is much less than that of bending, the cross-sectional area of the intervertebral discs must increase (towards the base of the neck) faster in an animal with a habitually horizontal neck than in one with a habitually vertical one. Consequently, a horizontally carried neck will appear greatly overdesigned for a vertical posture. This discrepancy is the subject of Christian & Heinrich (1998) and Christian (2002).

I have challenged the entire quality assurance team to a
Bat-Leth contest.

What's that?