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Re: Even more last papers for 2005

Forgot this one:

freely availible at :

 Schwarz, Daniela, Vontobel, Peter, Lehmann, Eberhard H., Meyer, Christian A., 
and Bongartz,
Georg, 2005. Neutron Tomography of
Internal Structures of Vertebrate Remains: A Comparison with X-ray Computed 
Palaeontologia Electronica Vol. 8, Issue
2; 30A:11p, 800KB;
Neutron tomography has been applied as a novel, non-invasive technique for 3-D 
visualization and
characterization of internal structures of vertebrate remains. Whereas X-ray 
computed tomography
maps regions of different densities within an object, neutron tomography is 
sensitive to
differences in the concentration of some light materials like hydrogen. 
Compared to X-ray computed
tomography (CT), the image quality of neutron tomography (NT) is strongly 
influenced by the resin
materials used for the reconstruction and conservation of the objects. 
Stabilizing metal
inclusions in bones leads to a strong scattering of X-rays in CT, whereas these 
inclusions can be
better penetrated and therefore lead to less disturbing contrasts in NT. The 
maximum cross-section
of rocks and fossilized bone material that can be penetrated by X-rays in a 
medical CT scanner is
approximately 40-50 cm, whereas neutrons can penetrate rocks or fossilized bone 
material with a
cross-sectional thickness up to about 12 cm. The spatial resolution of NT 
(0.1-0.27 mm) is better
than in a medical CT scanner (0.35-0.5 mm). In the special case of the studied 
sauropod vertebrae,
the density of the fossil bones, the high amount of marly sediment matrix 
within openings of the
bones, and the presence of multiple fractures filled with glue decreased the 
quality of the
neutron tomographic images. On the other hand, neutron tomographic images 
displayed a detailed
account of the distribution of glue within the fossil remains. The combination 
of computed
tomographic and neutron tomographic data therefore helped to increase the 
information about the
internal structure of sauropod vertebrae. The decision of which technique to 
use will in the end
be dictated by the research questions, the preservation and material properties 
of the object.

--- Jay <sappororaptor@yahoo.com> wrote:

> Finally, the 4th volume of Memiors of the Fukui Prefectual Dinosaur Museum is 
> out (i mean, put
> on
> their site for download). Don't expect much excitement, as there aren't many 
> dinosaur related
> papers in this years volume.
>  only two actually (both in Japanese).
> AZUMA, Yoichi and Masato FUJITA (2005) A report of a dinosaur footprint site 
> in Yangshang,
> Chaoyang, Liaoning Province, China. Mem. Fukui Pref. Dinosaur Mus. 4: 45 ?E48.
> Many feathered dinosaurs have been found for the last decade from the Early 
> Cretaceous of
> western
> Liaoning, China. In this area, a dinosaur track named Jeholosauripus s -satoi 
> was reported
> before
> the
> World War II by Japanese researchers. We make a brief review of their work 
> and a journey to
> verify
> the current situation of the ichno-taxon site in Ssuchiatsu, Yangshan 
> Village, Chaoyang City,
> Liaoning
> Province.
> HIROKAWA, Haruka and Ken-ichiro HISADA (2005) Development of the educational 
> program on
> dinosaurs. Mem Fukui Pref. Dinosaur Mus. 4: 49 ?E61.
> Dinosaurs have long been the most popular animals, in various countries, 
> among extinct organisms
> ever lived on Earth. There are many kinds of dinosaur related products such 
> as toys, etc.,
> whereas
> we
> rarely see educational programs on dinosaurs in science education in Japan. 
> For the Japanese
> people,
> dinosaurs have been the object of entertainment rather than learning or 
> education. In this
> research, we
> have developed the educational program to learn dinosaurs in detail. First, 
> we clarified the
> significance
> of learning about dinosaurs. Secondly, we studied what made dinosaurs 
> attractive. And lastly, we
> provided some programs as examples. Thus, we established some educational 
> programs, by which the
> significance of dinosaurs in science education was recognized. Also, by 
> classifying people's
> interests
> toward dinosaurs, we were able to make attractiveness of dinosaurs clearer.
> J
> __________________________________________ 
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