[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index][Subject Index][Author Index]

Re: The K-T boundary extinction: bolide or volcano?


I can't say anything about the Siberian Traps. They are humongous beyond imagination, and their precise stratigraphic relationship to the P-Tr boundary and any part of the mass extinction is still not known.

But what is said about the Deccan Traps, frankly, is just a rehash of the old "argument" that I thought had at long last died out: "if something is 1) popular and 2) spectacular, that proves it must be false". _Yes_, the biggest eruption phase of the Deccan Traps _did_ have an effect on the climate (the global average temperature rose by at most the difference between glacial and interglacial), and then the episode _ended_ and the climate _cooled to pre-eruption levels_ _100,000 years before_ the K-Pg boundary.

That was in Science, well over two years ago. In my personal experience Science articles are easier to miss than those of Nature, but... I mean... it's not the Special Papers of the Occasional Publications of the Town Hall Museum of Superbled-sur-Loire.


G. Ravizza & B. Peucker-Ehrenbrink: Chemostratigraphic Evidence of Deccan Volcanism in the Marine Osmium Isotope Record, Science 302, 1392 -- 1395 (21 November 2003)

"Continental flood basalt (CFB) volcanism is hypothesized to have played a causative role in global climate change and mass extinctions. Uncertainties associated with radiometric dating preclude a clear chronological assessment of the environmental consequences of CFB volcanism. Our results document a 25% decline in the marine 187Os/188Os record that predates the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary (KTB) and coincides with late Maastrichtian warming. We argue that this decline provides a chemostratigraphic marker of Deccan volcanism and thus constitutes compelling evidence that the main environmental consequence of Deccan volcanism was a transient global warming event of 3° to 5°C that is fully resolved from the KTB mass extinction."