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Re: [...] Archaeopteryx 10
David Marjanovic wrote:
*Archaeopteryx macrura*, junior objective homonym of *Archaeopteryx
lithographica*. The latter name was unambiguously applied to the skeleton
in the paper that described the feather.
I have a slightly different understanding. I though that _Archaeopteryx
macrura_ was explicitly applied by Owen (in 1862) to the London specimen (a
skeleton). Then as now, there was doubt over which specimen (the feather or
the skeleton) von Meyer actually applied the name _Archaeopteryx
lithographica_ to. In 1964, the ICZN settled the issue (without resolving
the question) and decided to affix the name _Archaeopteryx lithographica_ to
the London specimen. Thus, _Archaeopteryx macrura_ officially became a
junior objective *synonym* of _Archaeopteryx lithographica_. To be a
homonym would require that Owen was erecting a new genus that happened to
have the same name as von Meyer's _Archaeopteryx_, and I don't think this
was the case. The ICZN suppressed the name _Archaeopteryx macrura_, along
with _Griphosaurus_ and _Griphornis_ and their respective species.
but for the Berlin specimen, it's a tad clearer. Dames (1897) named the
*siemensi* as a species of *A.*, followed by Petronievics (in Petronievics
Woodward, 1917, in a footnote) who coined *Archaeornis* and designated
*siemensi* the type species.
Correct. Sorry for having confused genus and species!
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