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Re: Classification: A Definition
Colin McHenry wrote:
Hang on, I think this is a little unfair on Linnaeanists. Whilst the old
system was absolutely and >horribly biased towards multicellular
eukaryotes, I don't think it's fair to say that this was due to >the ills
of the Linnaean system. [snip] The two kingdom classification that many of
us were taught >[snip] was a result of ignorance stemming from the lack of
the right tools, not the fault of the classification system.
I've got nothing against the way things used to be done, given that these
were different times. But the old system is just that: the "old system".
Modern tools have revealed just how inadequate the old Linnaean system was.
I don't blame the Linnaean microbiologists; it's not their fault that they
didn't have PCR and thermocyclers and electron microscopy. Similarly, for
previous generations of "macrobiologists", it's not their fault that they
didn't have high-powered computers to plug-and-chug away at huge character
matrices. We're spoiled, in this day and age.
There is a context here, and I actually agree with you about the "March of
Science" changing many of our traditional views. I agree that Linnaean
classification did the best it could, and it was a convenient system for
categorizing the diversity of life. Unfortunately, many of its hallmarks
(e.g., the use of ranks; mutually exclusive groups for ancestors and
descendents) was fundamentally misleading. New research and new techniques
show just how creakingly inappropriate Linnaean classification is to
describe and portray phylogenetic relationships.
So to claim that our improved understanding of basic diversity is thanks to
thanks to people abandoning Linnaeus is something I would dispute.
I agree. I would say that abandoning the Linnaean classification system is
a by-product of our improved understanding of basic diversity.
Insistance of the importance recognising major monophyletic groups? Sure.
Committment to abandoning ranks? No.
Here I would disagree. Linnaean names can stay (Aves, Mammalia, etc), but
not ranks (above genus, or maybe family, anyway). And no more splitting off
of certain groups from their ancestors into separate "classes" or "phyla" -
such as birds separate from theropods, or mammals from therapsids
("mammal-like reptiles"), or pogonophoran worms from polychaetes.
Of course, if Margulis is right about the eukaryote cytoskeleton being a
result of endosymbiosis >with a spirochaete-type bacteria, then the Eucarya
are merely a symbiosis between one branch of >the Bacteria and one branch
of the Archea. I'm still confused about how the Phylocode will deal with
these sorts of tree topologies;
So am I. At the root of Eucarya/Bacteria/Archaea life resembles one big
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