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Re: Virus (was Mesozoic Diseases)

Quoting David Marjanovic <david.marjanovic@gmx.at>:

That is genus, stem gener- not just in the plural but in all cases except nominative singular, accusative singular, and vocative singular. Other examples are lepus, lepor- "hare", mus, mur- "mouse", and ius, iur- "1. law/right, 2. soup/juice".

These alternations arise because of a sound change in late Pre-Classical Latin in which /s/ became /r/ (probably by way of [z]) between vowels: iûs > iûs; iûs-is > iûris.

There is also a whole declension class where nouns end in -us but are feminine. Examples: salus, salut- "hail", palus, palud- "swamp".

Yeah, but those don't really end in -us but in -ûs (of course, underlyingly they end in /ût-s/ and /ûd-s/, respectively).

Nick Pharris