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Re: What faunas/formations were at the KT

You forgot the Tremp Formation in the werstern and northern part of Catalunya and eastern part of Aragòn, Spain. The K/Pg boundary is inside the Formation (coinciding with the Vallcebre Limestone) as magnetostratigraphic studies revealed. Dinosaurs remains have been found in the whole Formation, also close to the boundary. I have just spent one month there doing fieldwork.

The Transylvanian dinosaur-bearing units were considered latest Maastricthian up to 10 years ago. Now we know that they deposited at maximum during the earliest late Maastrichtian and much probably during the early Maastrichtian (dated by magnetostratigraphy).

Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia

Àrea de recerca del Mesozoic
Institut Català de Paleontologia "Miquel Crusafont" (ICP)
Mòdul ICP - Facultat de Biociències
Campus de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
E-08193 Cerdanyola del Vallès

----- Original Message ----- From: "Thomas R. Holtz, Jr." <tholtz@umd.edu>
To: <david.marjanovic@gmx.at>
Cc: "DML" <dinosaur@usc.edu>
Sent: Saturday, August 08, 2009 2:56 PM
Subject: Re: What faunas/formations were at the KT

David Marjanovic wrote:
 We all know about Hell Creek, but what other faunas or formations
 have been described at the time of the KT event?

Terrestrial ones? Not many. Some intertrappean bed or other somewhere in
India; however the formation in the Nanxiong Basin in southern China is
called; and to the north of the Hell Creek, there's the Lance and the
Scollard, AFAIK. That pretty much is it so far.

The Frenchman Formation of Saskatchewan also extends up and through the
K/Pg. Note that at any given spot in the American West the boundary might
be within the Hell Creek or slightly above.

I do not believe a South American terrestrial latest Maastrichtian fauna
yet identified. In Europe some (in France and in Transylvania) get close
but not up to the end. David mentions the Nanxiong and the Intertrappean
Beds of western India it may be that a K/Pg boundary layer could be found
in the Amur Valley but at present I don't think it has been found. New
Zealand has boundary terrestrial deposits, but only (s)crappy dinosaurian
fossils (great plants, though). There are boundary deposits in Antarctica,
but again no dinosaurian fauna that can be really characterized. I don't
know if there are late Maastrichtian dinosaurs yet known from Africa or
Australia. The dinosaurian-bearing units of Madagascar don't get quite
that young.

Thomas R. Holtz, Jr.
Email: tholtz@umd.edu Phone: 301-405-4084
Office: Centreville 1216
Senior Lecturer, Vertebrate Paleontology
Dept. of Geology, University of Maryland
Fax: 301-314-9661

Faculty Director, Earth, Life & Time Program, College Park Scholars
Faculty Director, Science & Global Change Program, College Park Scholars
Fax: 301-314-9843

Mailing Address: Thomas R. Holtz, Jr.
Department of Geology
Building 237, Room 1117
University of Maryland
College Park, MD 20742 USA


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