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RE: New papers on dinosaur tracks in Oryctos
Dear DML members,
a new updated version of "B. Vila, O. Oms, J. Marmi & A. Galobart. 2008.
Tracking Fumanya Footprints (Maastrichtian, Pyrenees): historical and
ichnological overview. Oryctos 8, 115-130" is available.
The new version (11 Mb) is a high-quality pdf, a better version for printing.
> Date: Tue, 13 Jan 2009 19:22:14 +0100
> From: email@example.com
> Subject: Re: New papers on dinosaur tracks in Oryctos
> To: firstname.lastname@example.org
> CC: email@example.com
> The pdf-files of these articles are downloadable in the web-pages of
> their authors:
> O. Mateus & J. Milàn. 2008. Ichnological evidence for giant ornithopod
> dinosaurs in the Upper Jurassic Lourinhã Formation, Portugal. Oryctos
> 8, 47-52.
> M. Lockley, J.C. Garcia-Ramos, L. Pinuela & M. Avanzini. 2008 A review
> of vertebrate track assemblages from the Late Jurassic of Asturias,
> Spain with comparative notes on coeval ichnofaunas from the western
> USA: implications for faunal diversity in siliciclastic facies
> assemblages. Oryctos 8, 53-70.
> M. Avanzini, L.Pinuela & J.C. Garcia-Ramos. 2008. Theropod
> Palaeopathology inferred from a Late Jurassic trackway, Asturias (N.
> Spain). Oryctos 8, 71-75.
> B. Vila, O. Oms, J. Marmi & A. Galobart. 2008. Tracking Fumanya
> Footprints (Maastrichtian, Pyrenees): historical and ichnological
> overview. Oryctos 8, 115-130.
> Jose Ignacio Ruiz-Omeñaca
> Museo del Jurásico de Asturias (MUJA)
> E-33328 Colunga, Spain
>> The last issue of the French journal Oryctos contains ten papers on
>> dinosaur footprints: http://www.dinosauria.org/oryctos.php
>> The issue 8 (2008) of Oryctos contains the proceedings of the
>> "International Symposium on dinosaurs and other vertebrates
>> Palaeoichnology" held at Fumanya (Barcelona province, Spain), October
>> 4-8th, 2005: http://usuarios.lycos.es/fumanyasymp05/
>> (the Abstract Book of the symposium is free at:
>> http://www.icp.cat/docs/art_fumanya_symposium.pdf )
>> The titles and abstracts of the proceedings are in the web of the
>> journal: http://www.dinosauria.org/oryctos-volume.php?volume=9
>> Those of Gierlinski & Sabath (2008), Gierlinski et al. (2008) and Dalla
>> Vecchia (2008) were mentioned by Jerry D. Harris in October and
>> but the rest have not been mentioned in this list.
>> Marco Avanzini & Paolo Mietto. Lower and Middle Triassic
>> footprint-based Biochronology in the Italian Southern Alps. Oryctos 8,
>> The Early and Middle Triassic ichnoassociations of the Italian Southern
>> Alps appear particularly important due to their excellent state of
>> preservation and the ample vertical distribution of the dated trampled
>> levels. On the basis of the ranges of single ichnotaxa, it is possible
>> to define a series of different associations, characterized by
>> different evolutionary stages. They correspond to informal evolutionary
>> units that can be estabilished as faunal units (FUs). The Scythian is
>> characterized by the presence of Rhynchosauroides schochardti that
>> disappears in the Anisian. In the Anisian, characterized by the
>> appearance of Rhynchosauroides tirolicus) a progressive increase in the
>> complexity of the ichnoassociations from the Bithynian to the Illyrian
>> is documented. In the Bithynian - Early Pelsonian interval the faunal
>> assemblage is dominated by Parasynaptichnium gracilis and Synaptichnium
>> pseudosuchoides. The Early Pelsonian - Early Illyrian interval is
>> characterized by the dominance of Isochirotherium delicatum and
>> Brachychirotherium circaparvum.
>> Martin A. Whyte & Mike Romano. Dinosaur footprints associated with an
>> ephemeral pool in the Middle Jurassic of Yorkshire, UK. Oryctos 8,
>> A thin mudstone intercalation within channel sandstones of the Saltwick
>> Formation (Middle Jurassic) of the Cleveland area of Yorkshire shows a
>> succession of invertebrate traces followed by dinosaur tracks and then
>> shrinkage cracks. The tridactyl prints, all made by the same type of
>> small bipedal dinosaur, show an interesting range of morphologies,
>> including imprints of the metatarsal area, consistent with their having
>> been made in soft cohesive mud of varying moisture content. Some of the
>> tracks indicate that the foot was moved backwards during withdrawal.
>> Such foot movement can also be observed in modern emu locomotion. The
>> pattern of shrinkage cracks is partly controlled by the prints. This
>> sequence is comparable to the sequence of traces and structures which
>> have been observed in a recent ephemeral pool and is interpreted as
>> having formed in a similar environment. Uniquely for the Yorkshire
>> area, the prints and cracks are infilled by small, now sideritised,
>> pellets possibly of invertebrate faecal origin.
>> Gerard D. Gierlinski & Karol Sabath. Stegosaurian footprints from the
>> Morrison Formation of Utah and their implications for interpreting
>> other ornithischian tracks. Oryctos 8, 29-46.
>> The supposed stegosaurian track Deltapodus Whyte & Romano, 1994 (Middle
>> Jurassic of England) is sauropod-like, elongate and plantigrade, but
>> many blunt-toed, digitigrade, large ornithopod-like footprints
>> (including pedal print cast associated with the manus of Stegopodus
>> Lockley & Hunt, 1998) from the Upper Jurassic of Utah, better fit the
>> stegosaurian foot pattern. The Morrison Formation of Utah yielded other
>> tracks fitting the dryomorph (camptosaur) foot pattern (Dinehichnus
>> Lockley et al., 1998) much better than Stegopodus. If the Stegopodus
>> pedal specimen (we propose to shift the emphasis from the manus to the
>> pes in the revised diagnosis of this ichnotaxon) and similar ichnites
>> are proper stegosaur footprints, Deltapodus must have been left by
>> another thyreophoran trackmaker. Other Deltapodus-like (possibly
>> ankylosaurian) tracks include Navahopus Baird,1980 and Apulosauripus
>> Nicosia et al., 1999. Heel-dominated, short-toed forms within the
>> Navahopus-Deltapodus-Apulosauripus plexus differ from the gracile,
>> relatively long-toed Tetrapodosaurus Sternberg, 1932, traditionally
>> regarded as an ankylosaurian track. Thus, the original interpretation
>> of the latter as a ceratopsian track might be correct, supporting early
>> (Aptian) appearance of ceratopsians in North America. Isolated pedal
>> ichnites from the Morrison Formation (with a single tentatively
>> associated manus print, and another one from Poland) and the only known
>> trackways with similar footprints (Upper Jurassic of Asturias, Spain)
>> imply bipedal gait of their trackmakers. Thus, problems with stegosaur
>> tracks possibly stem from the expectation of their quadrupedality.
>> Massive but short stegosaur forelimbs suggest primarily bipedal
>> locomotion, and quadrupedal defense posture.
>> Octávio Mateus & Jesper Milàn. Ichnological evidence for giant
>> ornithopod dinosaurs in the Upper Jurassic Lourinhã Formation,
>> Portugal. Oryctos 8, 47-52.
>> The Upper Jurassic Lourinhã Formation (Lusitanian Basin, Portugal)
>> contains a diverse dinosaur fauna comprising theropods, sauropods,
>> stegosaurs, ankylosaurs and several genera of ornithopods. The
>> sedimentology in the area favours preservation of tracksways, and
>> tracks from most of the dinosaurs are also represented by skeletal
>> remains. During fieldwork in the summer of 2003 a new, large,
>> tridactyl track was found at the beach of Vale Frades, approximately
>> 6 km north of Lourinhã (central west Portugal). The track was found
>> together with a stegosaur track on a clay bed exposed within the
>> intertidal zone. Due to the immediate danger of erosion, the track
>> was collected and is now on display at Museu da Lourinhã. The track
>> is 70 cm long and 69 cm wide, the toes are short and broad, with
>> indications of short blunt claws, and there is a high angle of
>> divarication between the outer digits. The shape and dimensions of
>> the track identifies it as deriving from an ornithopod dinosaur with
>> an estimate
>> d hip height around three metres. Although very large ornithopods are
>> known from the Cretaceous, the largest known Jurassic ornithopod is
>> Camptosaurus from North America, and the largest known from Portugal is
>> the camptosaurid Draconyx loureiroi. Neither of these reached the body
>> size suggested by the new track. So far the track described herein is
>> the only evidence for a Jurassic ornithopod of that size.
>> Martin Lockley, José Carlos Garcia-Ramos, Laura Pinuela & Marco
>> Avanzini. A review of vertebrate track assemblages from the Late
>> Jurassic of Asturias, Spain with comparative notes on coeval
>> ichnofaunas from the western USA: implications for faunal diversity
>> in siliciclastic facies assemblages. Oryctos 8, 53-70.
>> Upper Jurassic tetrapod tracks from Asturias (Spain) are similar to
>> those from the famous Morrison Formation of the Rocky Mountain Region
>> (western USA). Both regions provide evidence of diverse faunas
>> comprising dinosaurs (theropods, sauropods and ornithischians),
>> pterosaurs, crocodilians and turtles which indicate faunas consistent
>> with known skeletal remains. Almost all these groups are represented by
>> at least two, if not as many as four or more, distinctive track
>> morphotypes, giving a cumulative ichno-diversity of at least 12- 15
>> ichnotaxa. At least half of these are diagnostic to the ichnogenus
>> level. Thus, the ichnofaunas provide a useful, generalized census of
>> the Upper Jurassic faunas in these regions. Although there are some
>> ambiguities about the probable identities of the makers of some
>> tridactyl tracks, both assemblages are remarkably similar in overall
>> composition. Most differences between the ichnofaunas reflect subtle
>> distinctions that reflect differences in size and diversity within the
>> major track groups. Some differences can also be attributed to
>> preservational factors. The Asturian assemblages is dominated by
>> isolated specimens from cliff outcrops in a small area, whereas the
>> Morrison ichnofaunas is based on in situ sites from a very large area
>> of more than 500,000 km2.
>> Marco Avanzini, Laura Pinuela & José Carlos Garcia-Ramos. Theropod
>> Palaeopathology inferred from a Late Jurassic trackway, Asturias (N.
>> Spain). Oryctos 8, 71-75.
>> Although references to traumas and illness in dinosaur bones are very
>> frequent, there are few reports about pathologies of these reptiles
>> through studies of isolated footprints and trackways, and the majority
>> of these refer to limping dinosaurs. The example presented here refers
>> to a short theropod trackway of four consecutive footprints, preserved
>> as convex epireliefs. Anomalous arrangement of the fourth digit in the
>> right pedal prints suggests a pathology, although we can not determine
>> if it is malformation or trauma due to fracture. The similarity in the
>> pace length and angle suggests that if it is a fracture, this was
>> produced a long time before as there is no evidence of limping in the
>> reptile gait.
>> Vanda Faria dos Santos, Carlos Marques da Silva & Luís Azevedo
>> Rodrigues. Dinosaur track sites from Portugal: Scientific and
>> cultural significance. Oryctos 8, 77-88.
>> Dinosaur tracks in Portugal are known from Bajocian-Bathonian
>> (Jurassic) through middle Cenomanian (Cretaceous) rocks. The Portuguese
>> track record includes two outstanding Middle Jurassic track sites both
>> in Central W Portugal: the Vale de Meios track site, showing dozens of
>> parallel theropod trackways, and the Galinha site, where several long
>> sauropod trackways can be seen. There are two other major areas with
>> important dinosaur track sites: SW Algarve (S Portugal), Lower
>> Cretaceous, and the Sesimbra region (Central W Portugal), Upper
>> Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous. Huge track sites such as the Vale de Meios
>> and Galinha sites can not be excavated and removed into museums;
>> therefore, they must be preserved in situ, to be studied and visited in
>> their original geological context. Track sites such as these are
>> important not only for their scientific, ichnological, significance;
>> they are also valuable for science popularization and to stimulate
>> public interest for the preservation of the geological/palaeontological
>> heritage. In Portugal, in 1996 and 1997, five dinosaur track sites have
>> been declared natural monuments. In such sites it is possible to teach
>> and show Palaeontology, as well as other aspects of Earth sciences in
>> their original geological context, to children from different school
>> levels and to a broad public with different scientific backgrounds.
>> Educational programmes for school children and the general public are
>> paramount in order to elucidate them about dinosaurs and their tracks,
>> but also to improve their attitude towards the scientific and cultural
>> value of this palaeontological ichnoheritage. Educational activities
>> are essential to the success of geoconservation. They boost public
>> awareness, which, in turn, is fundamental for the protection and
>> valorisation of the geological and palaeontological heritage. When
>> local communities are conscious of the scientific and cultural value of
>> the natural heritage in their home region they become proud of it and
>> this fact dramatically increases the odds of its effective protection.
>> Nevertheless, up until now the Galinha track site is the only
>> Portuguese track site prepared to receive visitors and to offer them
>> palaeontological educational programmes.
>> Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia. The impact of dinosaur palaeoichnology in
>> palaeoenvironmental and palaeogeographic reconstructions: the case of
>> the Periadriatic carbonate platforms. Oryctos 8, 89-106.
>> Knowledge of dinosaur footprints has greatly changed how scientists
>> reconstruct the palaeoenvironment and palaeogeography of the Mesozoic
>> carbonate platforms of the Periadriatic area (Italy, Slovenia and
>> Croatia). Geologists considered those carbonate platforms as shallow
>> marine, intraoceanic banks (i.e., surrounded by the Tethys Ocean)
>> during Cretaceous times. The discovery in the last 20 years of dinosaur
>> fossils, mainly footprints, in many places and at different
>> stratigraphic levels has demonstrated that the ?shallow seas? were
>> repeatedly or continuously populated by large terrestrial animals.
>> Thus, the reconstructions of those carbonate platforms as a sort of
>> Mesozoic ?Bahamas Banks? was incorrect. The new record allows also
>> testing for congruence with palaeoenvironmental and palaeogeographic
>> reconstructions. Areas where dinosaur fossils have been found are
>> always considered as ?shallow marine? in those reconstructions, very
>> far away from continental areas during the Late Triassic and earliest
>> Jurassic and surrounded by deep marine basins during Late Jurassic and
>> Cretaceous times. The results of this research are a first step toward
>> the understanding of those dinosaurs living ?at the border?, but are
>> obviously preliminary and subject to confirmation or confutation with
>> increased fossil sampling. The ichnological sample and the
>> palaeogeographic reconstructions can also stimulate some reflections
>> about the biology of the extinct dinosaurian clades and give some
>> suggestions for the development of future research.
>> Gerard D. Gierlinski, Izabela Ploch, Eugenia Gawor-Biedowa & Grzegorz
>> Niedzwiedzki. The first evidence of dinosaur tracks in the Upper
>> Cretaceous of Poland. Oryctos 8, 107-113.
>> A new theropod and ornithischian dinosaur track (Irenesauripus sp. and
>> cf. Hadrosauropodus sp.) are reported from the Polish Cretaceous
>> carbonate facies. The reported finds came from the Maastrichtian
>> limestones, informal unit called Gaizes, exposed in the vicinity of the
>> Roztocze National Park and represents isolated theropod pedal print and
>> manuspes set left by hadrosaurid dinosaur. These are the first dinosaur
>> track record in the Cretaceous of Poland.
>> Bernat Vila, Oriol Oms, Josep Marmi & Àngel Galobart. Tracking
>> Fumanya Footprints (Maastrichtian, Pyrenees): historical and
>> ichnological overview. Oryctos 8, 115-130.
>> The Fumanya tracksites (SE Pyrenees, NE Iberian Peninsula) are among
>> the most important Cretaceous dinosaur track localities in the world.
>> These sites have remained largely unstudied until 15 years after their
>> discovery. They provide an exceptional record of sauropod (titanosaur)
>> ichnology with nearly 3,000 footprints arranged in more than 50
>> trackways. The study of Fumanya sites is providing further refinements
>> on titanosaur track morphology, stance, gauge and locomotion. Outcrop
>> deterioration has deleted significant ichnological information that can
>> be integrated in the present day dataset by means of the study of
>> ancient pictures and measurements. Weathering and conservation studies
>> provide conservation tools for the outcrop. The Fumanya site is
>> integrated in a large Maastrichtian succession with plenty of other
>> dinosaur remains (ichnites, bones and clutches) and other
>> palaeoenvironmental indicators (plants, invertebrates, etc.). This
>> reinforces the Vallcebre section as a key point to understand the
>> diversity of the last European dinosaurs during the Maastrichtian and
>> how their extinction took place.
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