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Re: Woman against Abelisaur

David Krentz <ddkrentz@charter.net> wrote:

>    Hun archers could fire 3 shots in 7-8 seconds with a heavy pound bow.  Add 
> the speed of the horse onto the velocity of the arrow and you have serious 
> fire power.  A typical attack against Roman,
> Goths, etc would involve huge #s of horses charging forward and unleashing 
> volley after volley .  If the troops were not terrified by the thunderous 
> hooves and constants hail of arrows, then they had to
>  deal with firepower at close range.  The Huns would then turn their sturdy 
> little ponies to the side and ride sideways along the ranks still unleashing 
> arrows.  They would then turn away and ride off, often
> tricking the troops into thinking they were retreating.  THe Huns would then 
> twist backwards in their shadows for their Partian shot (Parting Shot) and 
> hit the gullible pursuers.  Check out Youtube for
>  some amazing modern horse archers.

The Huns were certainly a formidable enemy - even more so under a
canny leader like Attila.  But they weren't invincible.  The combined
Roman-Visigothic armies under Aetius defeated Attila's forces at the
Battle of the Catalaunian Fields in 451; and three years later (a year
after the death of Attila), the Germanic subject peoples rose up and
overthrew Hunnic rule.  The Roman legions had long experience against
horse-archers (such as those of the Scythians and Arsacid Parthians),
and were capable of holding their own - and more often than not
winning.  Until Attila came along, anyway.  Attila was an exceptional
leader, with brains as well as brawn, and had honed his Hunnic forces
and non-Hunnic allies into a superb fighting force.

The other reason why Attila and his Huns brought such devastation to
the Roman Empire was that the Empire was in a weakened state.  For the
first time in its history the Roman Empire faced serious threats on
three frontiers - Huns along the vast Rhine/Danube northern frontier,
Sassanid Persians in the east, and Vandals in the south, who had
recently captured Roman North Africa and now held territory a stone's
throw from Italy itself.  That, combined with the unstable political
situation (particularly in the western half of the Empire) and the
earthquake that hit Constantinople (the capital of the eastern half of
the Empire) in 447, meant that the Roman state was a soft target.  No
surprise that successive Roman emperors tried to buy off Attila with

> To bring this back to topic....An Abelisaur from the front would make a 
> difficult target, the large corticoids would protect vitals very well, and 
> the head would be ( in the case of Carnotaurus) a small and
> narrow target.

Yes, for theropods with such puny (and seemingly vestigial) forelimbs,
the coracoids and scapulae of _Carnotaurus_ were astonishingly large.
One suggestion is that the coracoids protected the vital organs
underneath from blows to the chest from the supraorbital horns of
other _Carnotaurus_ during intraspecific combat.