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Is *Duriasaurus* published? was Re: Andesaurus redescribed
Publications of the Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society
On that page it says:
"Some past volumes are available for purchase; for more details, follow
The link leads here http://research.dorsetcountymuseum.org/V.html --
and, well, I suppose the latest volume counts as published if any
libraries have a subscription, as is probably the case, or if the Code
accepts having to become a member of the society as an acceptable
prerequisite for being able to get the volume (_the Code doesn't tell_).
If not, however, it will only count as published when 10 more volumes
will have appeared, and even then only if any copies are left to buy!
Assuming that the paper has already been printed (as the completeness of
the citation, with page numbers and all, suggests but does not prove),
let's go through the Code one by one. Of course, convoluted as the Code
is, the place to start isn't the beginning, it's this:
Article 13. Names published after 1930.
13.1. Requirements. To be available, every new name published after
1930 must satisfy the provisions of Article 11 and must
What follows (as the rest of Art. 13.1, and as the rest of Art. 13 as a
whole) are questions that can only be answered by reading the paper (or
do not apply, like regulations about names at family-group ranks).
Obviously, I have no reason to suspect these provisions might not be
fulfilled; they're the well-known ones like having to include a
description. So, does *Duriatitan* "satisfy the provisions of Article 11"?
Article 11. Requirements. To be available, a name or, where
relevant, a nomenclatural act must satisfy the following provisions:
11.1. Publication. The name or nomenclatural act must have been
published, in the meaning of Article 8, after 1757.
The "after 1757" part is obviously fulfilled, so let's check Art. 8:
Article 8. What constitutes published work. A work is to be regarded
as published for the purposes of zoological nomenclature if it
complies with the requirements of this Article and is not excluded
by the provisions of Article 9.
Oh, great, so we'll need to look at Art. 9, too.
8.1. Criteria to be met. A work must satisfy the following criteria:
8.1.1. it must be issued for the purpose of providing a public and
permanent scientific record,
8.1.2. it must be obtainable, when first issued, free of charge or by
Only to members and libraries! But I suppose libraries are enough.
8.1.3. it must have been produced in an edition containing
simultaneously obtainable copies by a method that assures numerous
identical and durable copies.
It's printed. Check.
8.2. Publication may be disclaimed. [...]
8.3. Names and acts may be disclaimed. [...]
8.4. Works produced before 1986. [...]
8.5. Works produced after 1985 and before 2000. [...]
8.6. Works produced after 1999 by a method that does not employ printing
8.7. Status of suppressed works. A work that has been suppressed for
nomenclatural purposes by the Commission by use of the plenary power
(Art. 81) [...]
Do not apply.
On to Art. 9:
Article 9. What does not constitute published work. Notwithstanding
the provisions of Article 8, none of the following constitutes
published work within the meaning of the Code:
9.1. after 1930 handwriting reproduced in facsimile by any process;
9.2. photographs as such;
9.3. proof sheets;
9.5. acoustic records as such made by any method;
9.6. labels of specimens;
9.7. copies obtained on demand of an unpublished work
(Art. 8), even if previously deposited in a library or other archive;
9.8. text or illustrations distributed by means of electronic signals
(e.g. by means of the World Wide Web);or
9.9. abstracts of articles, papers, posters, texts of lectures, and
when issuedprimarily to participants at meetings, symposia, colloquia or
Note Art. 9.7: reprints distributed by the authors _*DO NOT COUNT!*_
However, this appears to be irrelevant in the present case, because the
paper is published according to Art. 8, assuming that Art. 8.1.2 allows
its being available only to members and libraries.
21.8. Advance distribution of separates and preprints. Before 2000,
an author who distributed separates in advance of the specified date
of publication of the work in which the material is published thereby
advanced the date of publication. The advance issue of separates
after 1999 does not do so, whereas preprints, clearly imprinted with
their own date of publication, may be published works from the date
of their issue (see Glossary: "separate", "preprint").
> A work published, with its own specified date of publication (imprint
date), in advance of its later reissue as part of a collective or
cumulative work. Preprints may be published works for the purposes of
zoological nomenclature. See separate.
> A copy (reprint or offprint) of a work contained in a periodical,
book or other larger work, intended for distribution (usually privately
by the author(s)) detached from the larger work which contains it but
without its own specified date of publication (imprint date). The
advance distribution of separates after 1999 does not constitute
publication for purposes of zoological nomenclature. See preprint.
So, as Art. 9.7 already says: if only reprints are available, the paper