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Re: Torosaurus NOT Triceratops
You should probably make it amazingly clear what I'm really pretty sure you
actually mean - that by miscode what you really mean is that in their work they
made choices that others might/would interpret differently in coding these
characters, perhaps because they (the characters that is) need much more data
or study and/or may be really tough to interpret/code. You are not saying they
chose to do so on purpose. We've had odd times in the past where a few
individuals seemed to casually suggest people misrepresented data on purpose
and that, of course, without massive proof is reprehensible. I presume you mean
the former and not the latter but correct me if I'm wrong.
>From: Paul P <email@example.com>
>Sent: Mar 1, 2012 1:41 PM
>To: firstname.lastname@example.org, Michael.OSullivan@port.ac.uk
>Subject: Re: Torosaurus NOT Triceratops
>--- On Thu, 3/1/12, David Marjanovic <email@example.com> wrote:
>> > Am I the only one who thinks that the dataset used for the determination
>> > of Torosaurus as a valid genus, or something synonymous with
>> > Triceratops, is capable of being used to support either view...
>> Yes. It's not who analyses the data, but whether enough
>> methods are used.
>Um, actually, no. The data in this paper can be used to
>argue that they're separate taxa OR to argue that Toro. is
>Triceratops, just like you can pretty much show anything
>you want using many published character matrices. All you
>have to do is miscode one or two key characters for one
>or two key specimens. Note the asterisks in Longrich and
>Field's table. Statistically, i think that table/data
>shows that Torosaurus *is* Triceratops just as much as
>it shows the opposite. The more immature specimens are
>skewed toward Triceratops while the most mature are skewed
>toward Toro. I know that doesn't prove anything, but it's
>My hunch is that Torosaurus is valid, at least *some*
>Toros. In the end they may all prove to be synonymous,
>but what about those Toros in UT? Just a sampling issue?
>And what about immature chars in some Toro skulls? John
>Scannella and the MOR group have tried to address that
>using histology, but the dataset is still incomplete.
>As Denver says (i think), it's unfortunate that many of
>the older but well preserved skulls don't have detailed
>stratigraphic data with them, but they are still useful.
>They're not just heads floating in space or whatever.
>All dinosaurs are morphotaxa (er, all *extinct* dinos),
>so sample size is crucial. There is a lot of circularity
>in trying to separate individual variation from ontogeny
>from taxonomy from dimorphism in similar taxa. You can
>apply the tools, but in the end, it's largely statistical.
>I think in a year or two you will see someone arguing
>that Toro is the mature form only of *male* Trikes.
>Despite Horner and Padian on dimorphism, that seems to
>me a more likely
>-- On Wed, 2/29/12, Michael OSullivan <Michael.OSullivan@port.ac.uk> wrote:
>> From: Michael OSullivan <Michael.OSullivan@port.ac.uk>
>> Subject: Re: Torosaurus NOT Triceratops
>> To: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
>> Date: Wednesday, February 29, 2012, 6:45 PM
>> Am I the only one who thinks that the dataset used for the determination
>> of Torosaurus as a valid genus, or something synonymous with
>> Triceratops, is capable of being used to support either view, depending
>> on who's analysing the data. I think there's a real danger of
>> subjectivity obscuring the reality. Whatever the hell that is...this
>> rate, Torosaurus will be revealed to be a late living Stegosaur
>> Michael O'Sullivan
>> Palaeobiology Research Group
>> Postgraduate Student
>> School of Earth & Environmental Sciences
>> Burnaby Building
>> Burnaby Road
>> PO1 3QL
>> >>> Ben Creisler 01/03/12 12:10 AM
>> From: Ben Creisler
>> A new paper in PLoS ONE:
>> Longrich, N.R. & Field, D.J. (2012)
>> Torosaurus Is Not Triceratops: Ontogeny in Chasmosaurine
>> Ceratopsids as a Case Study in Dinosaur Taxonomy.
>> PLoS ONE 7(2): e32623.
Ralph E. Chapman
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