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RE: Edmontosaurus (male?) had fleshy cock's comb crest (free pdf)
I worked this way for me. Click the link on ben's original email. When the page
opens click "online now" it's under the Current Biology logo. "A Mummified
Duck-Billed Dinosaur with a Soft-Tissue Cock’s Comb" is the fourth paper down
the list. Just click on PDF and you should access the full paper.
> Date: Thu, 12 Dec 2013 11:15:40 -0700
> From: email@example.com
> To: firstname.lastname@example.org
> Subject: Re: Edmontosaurus (male?) had fleshy cock's comb crest (free pdf)
> It says I need a subscription to see it. MY HEAD IS
> -- Donna Braginetz
> On Thu, 12 Dec 2013 09:13:40 -0800, Ben Creisler <email@example.com>
>> From: Ben Creisler
>> A new online paper with free pdf:
>> Phil R. Bell, Federico Fanti, Philip J. Currie & Victoria M. Arbour
>> A Mummified Duck-Billed Dinosaur with a Soft-Tissue Cock’s Comb.
>> Current Biology (advance online publication)
>> doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2013.11.008
>> Click on "pdf" to open and save.
>> Among living vertebrates, soft tissues are responsible for labile
>> appendages (combs, wattles, proboscides) that are critical for
>> activities ranging from locomotion to sexual display. However, soft
>> tissues rarely fossilize, and such soft-tissue appendages are unknown
>> for many extinct taxa, including dinosaurs. Here we report a
>> remarkable “mummified” specimen of the hadrosaurid dinosaur
>> Edmontosaurus regalis from the latest Cretaceous Wapiti Formation,
>> Alberta, Canada, that preserves a three-dimensional cranial crest (or
>> “comb”) composed entirely of soft tissue. Previously, crest function
>> has centered on the hypertrophied nasal passages of lambeosaurine
>> hadrosaurids, which acted as resonance chambers during vocalization.
>> The fleshy comb in Edmontosaurus necessitates an alternative
>> explanation most likely related to either social signaling or sexual
>> selection [ 5, 6 and 7]. This
>> bizarre, soft-tissue signaling structures in a dinosaur and provides
>> additional evidence for social behavior. Crest evolution within
>> Hadrosaurinae apparently culminated in the secondary loss of the bony
>> crest at the terminal Cretaceous; however, the new specimen indicates
>> that cranial ornamentation was in fact not lost but substituted in
>> Edmontosaurus by a fleshy display structure. It also implies that
>> visual display played a key role in the evolution of hadrosaurine
>> crests and raises the possibility of similar soft-tissue structures
>> among other dinosaurs.
>> A soft-tissue cranial crest is described for the hadrosaurid
>> Edmontosaurus regalis.
>> The crest, analogous to a cock’s comb, was likely a sexual display
>> Fleshy combs replaced bony crests in some hadrosaurids at the end of
>> the Cretaceous.