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Re: Tyrannosaur play + "hypsilophodont" "setigerous scales" + other papers

Ben Creisler

Many thanks to Josep Fortuny for providing a corrected translation of
the Russian abstract for Vyushkoviana. Obviously, many passages make
more sense in this version than in the one I quickly cobbled together:

M. A. Shishkin, I. V. Novikov, and J. Fortuny (2014)
New bystrowianid chronosuchians (Amphibia, Anthracosauromorpha) from
the Triassic of Russia and diversification of Bystrowianidae.
Paleontological Journal 48 (5) : 60-71 (Russian edition)
DOI: 10.7868/S0031031X14050092

The first bystrowianids recorded in the Gamskian Horizon of the East
European Platform, Vyushkoviana operta gen. et sp. nov. and
Dromotectum abditum sp. nov. (Amphibia, Chroniosuchia), are described
based on specimens from the Malaya Northern Dvina and Don river
basins. The patterns of the dermal scute evolution observed in
bystrowianids warrant the subdivision of the group into the
subfamilies Bystrowianinae Vjuschkov, Dromotectinae subfam. nov. and
Axitectinae subfam. nov. The second and third show progressive
reduction of the external (paraxial) zone of the interosteoderm
articulation. New data supporting close proximity or phyletic
succession of the chroniosuchid and bystrowianid types of the
osteoderm design are revealed. The concept of the Chroniosuchidae as a
paraphyletic group is rejected. Evolutionary significance of the key
features distinguishing the bystrowianid subfamilies is analyzed.

On Sat, Aug 30, 2014 at 11:31 AM, Ben Creisler <bcreisler@gmail.com> wrote:
> Ben Creisler
> bcreisler@gmail.com
> A number of recent papers (dino and non-dino) not yet mentioned:
> Bruce M. Rothschild (2014)
> Unexpected behavior in the Cretaceous: tooth-marked bones attributable
> to tyrannosaur play.
> Ethology Ecology & Evolution (advance online publication)
> DOI:10.1080/03949370.2014.928655
> http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03949370.2014.928655#.VAH5z_ldXTo
> Intro:
> Attributing behavior in extinct animals is predicated on
> identification of anatomy or pathology analogous to that present and
> recognized in contemporary animals (Rothschild & Martin 2006). While
> Tanke & Currie (1998) noted the difficulty of directly recognizing
> dinosaur behavior, one approach is to examine biotic-derived
> environmental alternations. For the analysis of utilization of
> potential dietary components by theropod dinosaurs, this means
> examining the damage they produced in manipulation of carcasses or
> bony components thereof. Application of deductive reasoning to tooth
> marks on isolated dinosaur bones and fragments excludes the usual
> suspects (scavenging and predation), leaving attribution to a behavior
> not previously considered. The pattern of bite marks in isolated
> bones, and especially in isolated ceratopsian occipital condyles, is
> incompatible with feeding activities, but is characteristic of that
> found with play by contemporary animals. Deductive reasoning leads to
> an alternative explanation to feeding behaviors for isolated,
> tooth-marked bones: Tyrannosaurids played with those bones.
> ==
> This is a quick, rough translation from the original Russian
> (improvements and corrections welcome!) The English-language version
> is not yet posted.
> V.R. Alifanov, S.V. Savelev, E.Y. Tereschenko, V.V. Artemov & A. Yu
> Seregin (2014)
> Skin structure in ornithischian dinosaurs (Hypsilophodontia,
> Ornithopoda) from the Late Jurassic of Transbaikalia.
> Paleontological Journal  48 (5):  72-80 (Russian edition)
> DOI: 10.7868/S0031031X1405002X
> http://www.maikonline.com/maik/showArticle.do?auid=VAHYSO8U1T&lang=ru
> In this paper we describe in detail the structure of the covering of a
> dinosaur taxon belonging to the Hypsilophodontia (Ornithopoda) from
> deposits in the Ukureisk Formation (Upper Jurassic) at the Kulinda
> (Trans-Baikal region, Russia) location. It has been established that
> the representatives  of the forementioned group had a type of skin
> appendage -- setigerous scales --previously unknown in ornithischian
> dinosaurs. The latter are small, embedded in the skin horny plates,
> from which emerges at the distal edge a somewhat flattened, long, and
> apparently ever-growing strip. Mono-bristle kinds of setigerous scales
> presumably may be homologized with protofeathers in theropods, which
> in this case is presented in the form of ever-growing and elongated
> scales.
> ===
> JI Cheng (2014)
> The stratigraphic distribution,migration and phylogeny of the Triassic
> sauropterygians.
> Journal of Stratigraphy 38(02): 195-199 (in Chinese)
> http://en.oversea.cnki.net/kcms/detail/detail.aspx?QueryID=7&CurRec=2&dbCode=CJFD&filename=DCXZ201402010&dbname=CJFDTEMP
> http://dcxz.chinajournal.net.cn/WKE/WebPublication/paperDigest.aspx?paperID=1c977d5f-3e1a-4962-989c-ab47f5a8808f
> Triassic sauropterygians mainly lived in nearshore shallow water.They
> have a wide distribution along the east and west Tethys while they
> were hardly found from the North America(only two genera so
> far).During the past fifteen years,many new materials of the Triassic
> sauropterygians were found from multiple stratigraphic horizons of the
> Triassic of South China,supplementing and also challenging our
> traditional knowledge of this group.So far a remarkable contradiction
> is still present between the stratigraphic occurrences and phylogeny
> in the Triassic sauropterygians and our recent discovery from
> Chaohu,Anhui Province does not supported a Western Tethys origin of
> the group as suggested by previous research.This is possibly resulted
> from the incompleteness of specimens and more new materials are
> expected from even older strata of South China and other localities. A
> comprehensive revision of all the taxa based on the new materials will
> provide us new understanding of the phylogeny of Triassic
> sauropterygians.
> ===
> Dennis Evangelista, Sharlene Cam, Tony Huynh, Igor Krivitskiy, and
> Robert Dudley (2014)
> Ontogeny of aerial righting and wing flapping in juvenile birds.
> Biology Letters 2014 10 20140497
> doi:10.1098/rsbl.2014.0497
> http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/10/8/20140497.abstract
> Mechanisms of aerial righting in juvenile chukar partridge (Alectoris
> chukar) were studied from hatching to 14 days-post-hatching (dph).
> Asymmetric movements of the wings were used from 1 to 8 dph to effect
> progressively more successful righting behaviour via body roll.
> Following 8 dph, wing motions transitioned to bilaterally symmetric
> flapping that yielded aerial righting via nose-down pitch, along with
> substantial increases in vertical force production during descent.
> Ontogenetically, the use of such wing motions to effect aerial
> righting precedes both symmetric flapping and a previously documented
> behaviour in chukar (i.e. wing-assisted incline running) hypothesized
> to be relevant to incipient flight evolution in birds. These findings
> highlight the importance of asymmetric wing activation and controlled
> aerial manoeuvres during bird development and are potentially relevant
> to understanding the origins of avian flight.
> ===
> Vyushkoviana, new chronosuchian
> (Again, this is a quick, rough translation from Russian--improvements
> and corrections are welcome!)
> M. A. Shishkin, I. V. Novikov, and Zh. Fortuni (2014)
> A new bystrowianid chronosuchian (Amphibia, Anthracosauromorpha) from
> the Triassic of Russia and features of the diversification of the
> Bystrowianidae.
> Paleontological Journal 48 (5) : 60-71 (Russian edition)
> DOI: 10.7868/S0031031X14050092
> http://www.maikonline.com/maik/showArticle.do?auid=VAHYSO8TZP&lang=ru
> The first representatives  of the Bystrowianidae (Amphibia,
> Chroniosuchia) - Vyushkoviana operta gen. et sp. nov. and Dromotectum
> abditum sp.nov.--are described from the Gamian Horizon of the Lower
> Triassic of the East European platform, encountered in the basins of
> the Northern Dvina River and Little Don River. Features of the
> evolution of axial dermal scutes of  bystrowianids allow a division
> into the subfamilies Bystrowianinae Vjuschkov, Dromotectinae subfam.
> nov. and Axitectinae subfam. nov., of which the last two show a
> progressive reduction of the external (axial) zone  interscutularis
> joint. The new data are in favor of the unity or continuity in the
> structural plans of the osteoderms found on chroniosuhid and
> bystrowianid; the idea of the paraphyletic status of the first of
> these groups is rejected. The evolutionary significance of the key
> features that define the differences between bystrowianid subfamilies
> is analyzed.
> ==