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RE: Dakotaraptor, new giant dromaeosaurid from Hell Creek Formation of South Dakota (free pdf)

I wonder what the conditions are for "extended loan"?

I would imagine that specimens on "permanent loan" meet the minimum ICZN 
holotype status:

72.10. Value of name-bearing types. Holotypes, syntypes, lectotypes and 
neotypes are the bearers of the scientific names of all nominal species-group 
taxa (and indirectly of all animal taxa). They are the international standards 
of reference that provide objectivity in zoological nomenclature and must be 
cared for as such (see Recommendations 72D to 72F). They are to be held in 
trust for science by the persons responsible for their safe keeping.

Recommendation 72D. Labelling of name-bearing types. Holotypes, syntypes, 
lectotypes and neotypes should be labelled in a way that will unmistakably 
denote their status.

Recommendation 72E. Publication of information on labels. An author who 
designates a holotype, lectotype, neotype or syntypes should publish all 
information that appears on the labels accompanying the specimens so as to 
facilitate the future recognition of the specimens.

Recommendation 72F. Institutional responsibility. Every institution in which 
name-bearing types are deposited should

72F.1 ensure that all are clearly marked so that they will be unmistakably 
recognized as name-bearing types;

72F.2 take all necessary steps for their safe preservation;

72F.3 make them accessible for study;

72F.4 publish lists of name-bearing types in its possession or custody; and

72F.5 so far as possible, communicate information concerning name-bearing types 
when requested.


Thomas R. Holtz, Jr.
Email: tholtz@umd.edu         Phone: 301-405-4084
Senior Lecturer, Vertebrate Paleontology
Office: Geology 4106, 8000 Regents Dr., College Park MD 20742
Dept. of Geology, University of Maryland
Phone: 301-405-6965
Fax: 301-314-9661              

Faculty Director, Science & Global Change Program, College Park Scholars
Office: Centreville 1216, 4243 Valley Dr., College Park MD 20742
Fax: 301-314-9843

Mailing Address:        Thomas R. Holtz, Jr.
                        Department of Geology
                        Building 237, Room 1117
                        8000 Regents Drive
                        University of Maryland
                        College Park, MD 20742-4211 USA 

> -----Original Message-----
> From: owner-DINOSAUR@usc.edu [mailto:owner-DINOSAUR@usc.edu] On Behalf Of 
> Denver Fowler
> Sent: Friday, October 30, 2015 2:54 PM
> To: bcreisler@gmail.com; Dinosaur Mailing List
> Subject: Re: Dakotaraptor, new giant dromaeosaurid from Hell Creek Formation 
> of South Dakota (free pdf)
> I might get banned for bringing this up.
> Does the holotype meet ICZN rules? It is not mentioned in the paper, but the 
> specimen is on "extended loan" to Palm Beach Museum
> (which does not appear to actually have a collections facility).
> Is the holotpye therefore, commercially available?
> Correct if I am wrong, anyone who knows.
> See here:
> http://www.pbmnh.org/research-and-collections-2/department-of-paleontology/department-of-paleontology/paleontology-
> collections/
> ----------------------------------
> Denver Fowler
> Fowler Paleontology & Geology Consulting df9465@yahoo.co.uk 
> http://www.denverfowler.com
> http://www.facebook.com/pages/Horner-Paleo-Lab-Museum-of-the-Rockies/230141317002543
> -----------------------------------
> ________________________________
> From: Ben Creisler <bcreisler@gmail.com>
> To: dinosaur@usc.edu
> Sent: Friday, 30 October 2015, 12:32
> Subject: Dakotaraptor, new giant dromaeosaurid from Hell Creek Formation of 
> South Dakota (free pdf)
> Ben Creisler
> bcreisler@gmail.com
> A new paper in open access:
> Robert A. DePalma, David A. Burnham, Larry D. Martin†,Peter L. Larson
> and Robert T. Bakker (2015)
> The first giant raptor (Theropoda: Dromaeosauridae) from the Hell
> Creek Formation.
> Paleontological Contributions 14 (16 pp.)
> URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1808/18764
> ISSN: 1946-0279
> https://kuscholarworks.ku.edu/handle/1808/18764
> PDF:
> https://kuscholarworks.ku.edu/bitstream/handle/1808/18764/DePalma%2014.pdf
> Most dromaeosaurids were small- to medium-sized cursorial, scansorial,
> and arboreal, sometimes volant predators, but a comparatively small
> percentage grew to gigantic proportions. Only two such giant “raptors”
> have been described from North America. Here, we describe a new giant
> dromaeosaurid, Dakotaraptor steini gen. et sp. nov., from the Hell
> Creek Formation of South Dakota. The discovery represents the first
> giant dromaeosaur from the Hell Creek Formation, and the most recent
> in the fossil record worldwide. A row of prominent ulnar papilli or
> “quill knobs” on the ulna is our first clear evidence for feather
> quills on a large dromaeosaurid forearm and impacts evolutionary
> reconstructions and functional morphology of such derived, typically
> flight-related features. The presence of this new predator expands our
> record of theropod diversity in latest Cretaceous Laramidia, and
> radically changes paleoecological reconstructions of the Hell Creek
> Formation.