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[dinosaur] Vellberg (Germany) Middle Triassic vertebrates + ichthyosaur vertebra from India




Ben Creisler
bcreisler@gmail.com



Two recent non-dino papers:




Rainer R. Schoch & Dieter Seegis (2016)
A Middle Triassic palaeontological gold mine: the vertebrate deposits of Vellberg (Germany)
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (advance online publication)
doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.07.002
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031018216302371

Highlights


The lacustrine deposits of Vellberg, contain more than a dozen taxa of bony fishes and a large number of new tetrapod taxa, forming one of the richest vertebrate deposits of the Middle Triassic.
They form a succession of different water bodies, ranging from a brackish lagoon to a variety of different small freshwater lakes.
The accumulation of aquatic and terrestrial tetrapods in the richest beds was caused by repeated phases of drought and regression


Abstract

The lacustrine deposits of Vellberg, southern Germany, rank among the richest vertebrate fossil-lagerstätten of the Triassic worldwide. Continued excavation over one decade produced two chondrichthyans, 14 taxa of bony fishes, seven temnospondyls, one chroniosuchian, the stem-turtle Pappochelys, two procolophonians, four lepidosauromorphs, a choristodere, four archosauriforms, three pseudosuchian archosaurs, and around ten further reptile taxa only known by teeth. Sedimentary facies, fossil assemblage composition, and taphonomy suggest this deposit comprises a succession of rather different water bodies, situated on a floodplain dominated by dolomitic muds: (1) a coal swamp with occasional reptiles and temnospondyls, (2) a large but shallow, brackish lagoon inhabited by Bakevellia, Acrodus, Nothosaurus, and the temnospondyl Plagiosternum, (3) a small and shallow, well-protected, oligohaline freshwater lake dominated by various temnospondyls, and (4) a larger (6 km) and deeper freshwater lake, again with a rich fauna of fishes, temnospondyls, and small aquatic reptiles that was eventually filled by dolomitic coastal muds. Reworking and desiccation cracks indicate repeated phases of regression and drought, during which bonebeds formed and skeletons of terrestrial tetrapods were deposited.

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K. Ayyasami , S. Elamparuthi & B. Gowtham (2016)
An ichthyosaur vertebra from the Cretaceous (Middle Cenomanian) Karai Formation, southern India.
Journal of the Geological Society of India 87(6): 706-708
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12594-016-0442-5


The note describes a well-preserved ichthyosaur vertebra from the upper Cretaceous Karai Formation (late Albian to late Cenomanian) of the Uttattur Group of rocks exposed near Ariyalur, Tamil Nadu, southern India.

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