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[dinosaur] Titanosaur eggs with thick shells adapted to hydrothermal incubation site in Argentina (free pdf)

Ben Creisler

A new paper with free pdf:

E. Martín Hechenleitner, Gerald Grellet-Tinner, Matthew Foley, Lucas E. Fiorelli & Michael B. Thompson (2016)
Micro-CT scan reveals an unexpected high-volume and interconnected pore network in a Cretaceous Sanagasta dinosaur eggshell.
Journal of the Royal Society Interface 13: 20160008.
DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2016.0008
http: // rsif.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/13/116/20160008
http: // rsif.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/royinterface/13/116/20160008.full.pdf

The Cretaceous Sanagasta neosauropod nesting site (La Rioja, Argentina) was the first confirmed instance of extinct dinosaurs using geothermal-generated heat to incubate their eggs. The nesting strategy and hydrothermal activities at this site led to the conclusion that the surprisingly 7 mm thick-shelled eggs were adapted to harsh hydrothermal microenvironments. We used micro-CT scans in this study to obtain the first three-dimensional microcharacterization of these eggshells. Micro-CT-based analyses provide a robust assessment of gas conductance in fossil dinosaur eggshells with complex pore canal systems, allowing calculation, for the first time, of the shell conductance through its thickness. This novel approach suggests that the shell conductance could have risen during incubation to seven times more than previously estimated as the eggshell erodes. In addition, micro-CT observations reveal that the constant widening and branching of pore canals form a complex funnel-like pore canal system. Furthermore, the high density of pore canals and the presence of a lateral canal network in the shell reduce the risks of pore obstruction during the extended incubation of these eggs in a relatively highly humid and muddy nesting environment.