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Re: [dinosaur] Psittacosaurus tail bristles

Tom Kaye has said that this paper would drop sometime in the middle of this month, so it should be coming out soon.

All that said, this was definitely the Guardian accidentally breaking embargo.

http://reptilis.net "I am impressed by the fact that we know less about many modern [reptile] types than we do of many fossil groups." - Alfred S. Romer

From: Ben Creisler <bcreisler@gmail.com>
To: dinosaur-l@usc.edu
Sent: Wednesday, September 14, 2016 3:18 PM
Subject: Re: [dinosaur] Psittacosaurus tail bristles

A curious detail... The Guardian article cites this paper:

Vinther, J, Nicholls, R, Lautenschlager, S, Rayfield, E, Maqyr, G and Cuthill, I C 2016 3D Camouflage in an Ornithischian Dinosaur. Current Biology, 26, 1-7.

However, it does not seem to be published yet or available in advance online, although it is listed on some websites:

On Wed, Sep 14, 2016 at 10:16 AM, Ben Creisler <bcreisler@gmail.com> wrote:

On Tue, Aug 30, 2016 at 8:44 AM, Ben Creisler <bcreisler@gmail.com> wrote:

Ben Creisler

A new paper:

Gerald Mayr, Michael Pittman, Evan Saitta, Thomas G. Kaye & Jakob Vinther (2016)
Structure and homology of Psittacosaurus tail bristles.
Palaeontology (advance online publication)
DOI: 10.1111/pala.12257

We examined bristle-like appendages on the tail of the Early Cretaceous basal ceratopsian dinosaur Psittacosaurus with laser-stimulated fluorescence imaging. Our study reveals previously unknown details of these structures and confirms their identification as integumentary appendages. For the first time, we show that most bristles appear to be arranged in bundles and that they exhibit a pulp that widens towards the bristle base. We consider it likely that the psittacosaur bristles are structurally and developmentally homologous to similar filamentous appendages of other dinosaurs, namely the basal heterodontosaurid Tianyulong and the basal therizinosauroid theropod Beipiaosaurus, and attribute the greater robustness of the bristles of Psittacosaurus to a higher degree of cornification and calcification of its integument (both skin and bristles). Although the psittacosaur bristles are probably homologous with avian feathers in their origin from discrete cell populations, it is uncertain whether they developed from a follicle, one of the developmental hallmarks of true feathers. In particular, we note a striking resemblance between the psittacosaur bristles and the cornified spine on the head of the horned screamer, Anhima cornuta, an extant anseriform bird. Similar, albeit thinner keratinous filaments of extant birds are the ‘beard’ of the turkey, Meleagris gallopavo, and the crown of the Congo peafowl, Afropavo congensis. All of these structures of extant birds are distinct from true feathers, and because at least the turkey beard does not develop from follicles, detailed future studies of their development would be invaluable towards deepening our understanding of dinosaur filamentous integumentary structures.