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Re: [dinosaur] Tsintaosaurus, Tanius, and other dinosaurs from Laiyang, Shandong Province, China (free pdf)

Among these "other dinosaurs" is a new genus and species of
saurolophine hadrosaurine, named in honor of C.C.Young (Yang
Zhongjian).  Technically this new hadrosaurid is still a nomen nudum,
because the paper describing the new taxon (Zhang et al., 2017) is
still "in press";  so I won't mention the name of this new Laiyang
hadrosaur here.

This review of Laiyang dinosaurs also includes another foray in the
'crest/not-a-crest' debate about the tubular 'spike'-like element
assigned to _Tsintaosaurus_.  Zhang et al. claim it's not a crest,
because the CT scan reveal it to be solid (not hollow) and fractured
at the base; and they even doubt it belongs to _Tsintaosaurus_ (at
least that's how I read their comments).  However, Prieto-Marquez and
Wagner (2011; doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0082268) regarded this tubular
element as merely the posterior (caudal) part of a much larger and
more elaborate crest.  They interpreted this element as fused nasal
processes that (with the adjacent prefrontals) formed a supportive
strut at the rear of a tall, lobate crest that began anteriorly
(rostrally) at the premaxillae.  Thus, according to Prieto-Marquez and
Wagner's interpretation, the entire cranial crest of _Tsintaosaurus_
would have been hollow; but this interpretation is not dependent on
the nasal tubular processes being hollow.  (The hollow 'spike' was
Yang's original interpretation, with the hollow interior forming the
nasal passage).  Although Zhang et al. contradict Yang's
interpretation of the crest being a hollow tubular 'spike', the CT
data doesn't necessarily contradict Prieto-Marquez and Wagner's
interpretation of a more elaborate crest (with most of it missing).

On Thu, Apr 27, 2017 at 1:50 PM, Ben Creisler <bcreisler@gmail.com> wrote:
> Ben Creisler
> bcreisler@gmail.com
> The new issue of Vertebrata PalAsiatica is out, dedicated to C.C. Young on
> his 120th birthday.
> https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__english.ivpp.cas.cn_sp_PalAsiatica_vp-5Flist_201701_t20170118-5F173527.html&d=DwIBaQ&c=clK7kQUTWtAVEOVIgvi0NU5BOUHhpN0H8p7CSfnc_gI&r=Ry_mO4IFaUmGof_Yl9MyZgecRCKHn5g4z1CYJgFW9SI&m=yE4C2jIFkyW52oTuUjzTC8M7aavMj3r0J3qct6U_V6k&s=UchcHpcC0UMmZC0e4J0YKfKRuk5h9AW2BgXHeRyn_VE&e=
> New papers include:
> ZHANG Jia-Liang, WANG Qiang, JIANG Shun-Xing, CHENG Xin, LI Ning, QIU Rui,
> ZHANG Xin-Jun & WANG Xiao-Lin (2017)
> Review of historical and current research on the Late Cretaceous dinosaurs
> and dinosaur eggs from Laiyang, Shandong.
> Vertebrata PalAsiatica 55(2): 187-200
> https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.ivpp.cas.cn_cbw_gjzdwxb_xbwzxz_201704_t20170427-5F4780932.html&d=DwIBaQ&c=clK7kQUTWtAVEOVIgvi0NU5BOUHhpN0H8p7CSfnc_gI&r=Ry_mO4IFaUmGof_Yl9MyZgecRCKHn5g4z1CYJgFW9SI&m=yE4C2jIFkyW52oTuUjzTC8M7aavMj3r0J3qct6U_V6k&s=08rp_UKeJqi9RIJWVyvPLKdBRrChDqLXkLRXDmVMROM&e=
> pdf:
> https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.ivpp.cas.cn_cbw_gjzdwxb_xbwzxz_201704_P020170427376412235491.pdf&d=DwIBaQ&c=clK7kQUTWtAVEOVIgvi0NU5BOUHhpN0H8p7CSfnc_gI&r=Ry_mO4IFaUmGof_Yl9MyZgecRCKHn5g4z1CYJgFW9SI&m=yE4C2jIFkyW52oTuUjzTC8M7aavMj3r0J3qct6U_V6k&s=MwO7apoT3WlMa5J1C1HlXmL7o7Q6jlBqwOurMll0Xsc&e=
> Abstract   Here we briefly review the history of research on the Laiyang
> dinosaur and dinosaur egg faunas, summarize the contributions of C. C. Young
> and other elder paleontologists to the discoveries of the Late Cretaceous
> dinosaurs and dinosaur eggs from Laiyang, and introduce the new discoveries
> and the advances in the research on the Laiyang faunas. The new
> investigations in Laiyang from 2008 have found a series of valley developed
> in plain and more than ten new dinosaur or dinosaur egg fossil beds. In
> 2010, we began the massive excavations at two localities in Jingangkou and
> collected abundant dinosaurs and other vertebrate fossils, such as a new
> saurolophine, some theropod material and a new taxon of turtle egg. The bone
> beds in Locality 2 with the typical sedimentary and burial patterns of
> mudflow, and these fossil deposits are interpreted as having been carried
> and deposited by mudflow. The re-observation and the CT scanning data of the
> crest of Tsintaosaurus spinorhinus (IVPP V 725) show that the crest is
> fractured and solid. However, based on the re-observations of its cranial
> and postcranial specimens, we consider that Tsintaosaurus spinorhinus is a
> valid taxon of lambeosaurines, which have the hollow crest. Therefore, the
> crest of Tsintaosaurus might not belong to the skull of this individual, and
> the true form of the crest needs to be confirmed in the future work. We
> reassess the three species of Tanius, and obtain several results. 1) Tanius
> sinensis and Tanius chingkankouensis are the valid species of Tanius; 2)
> Tanius laiyangensis is invalid.; 3) the sacrum and ilium of Tanius
> chingkankouensis with typical hadrosaurid features should not be referred to
> Tanius.