KUBOTA Katsuhiro, TAKAKUWA Yuji and HASEGAWA Yoshikazu (2017)
Second discovery of a spinosaurid tooth from the Sebayashi Formation (Lower Cretaceous), Kanna Town, Gunma Prefecture, Japan.
Bulletin of the Gunma Natural History Museum 21: 1-6
A fragment of an isolated tooth is described from the Lower Cretaceous Sebayashi Formation of the Sanchu Group. Its crown is almost round in cross section and shows distinctive flutes. Between the flutes, there are longitudinal finely granular structures. The distinctive carinae have poorly defined serrations. It is probably assigned as a spinosaurid theropod dinosaur and is the second report from Japan. This spinosaurid tooth is found from the higher stratigraphic horizon of the same formation than the first. The occurrences of spinosaurids from two horizons suggest that spinosaurids might have habituated this area during the deposit of the Sebayashi Formation. The dental comparison between Asian and other spinosaurids suggests that Asian spinosaurids may have unique dental characteristics and be different from any known spinosaurids, although the phylogenetic relationships between Asian and other spinosaurids (baryonychines and spinosaurines) are unclear.