(I don't have access so I don't know if there is a new taxon named.)
Nadia Haidr & Carolina Acosta Hospitaleche (2017)
A new penguin cranium from Antarctica and its implications for body size diversity during the Eocene.
Neues Jahrbuch fÃr Geologie und PalÃontologie - Abhandlungen 286(2):. 229-233
Although penguins have a very abundant fossil record in Antarctica, very few cranial elements have been found so far, and in all the cases the specimens are incomplete. We describe a new cranium of a medium-sized penguin from the late Eocene Submeseta Formation in Marambio/ Seymour Island, Antarctica. Its morphology allows us to establish a common cranial pattern for all known Eocene taxa (including South American, Antarctic and probably Oceanian species), with very different proportions between cranium and post-cranium from those of modern penguins. These Paleogene fossils exhibit a small neurocrania, extremely elongated bills, large occipital condyles, and strong cranio-mandibular articulations.
Nadia S. Haidr & Carolina Acosta Hospitaleche (2017)
New data on the humerotriceps of penguins and its implications in the evolution of the fossa tricipitalis.
Historical Biology (advance online publication)
A paddle-shaped wing, the general morphology of the humerus, and the muscles involved in wing movement are among the most characteristic adaptations to diving in penguins. Particularly, the humeral fossa tricipitalis and the musculus humerotriceps are clear examples of muscular rearrangement accompanying skeletal changes. In extant Spheniscidae, we were able to identify two heads of this muscle attaching within a different compartment of the bipartite fossa. Since the partition of the fossa appeared as a novelty during the Miocene, we propose that this might have had implications for underwater flight contributing to wing-propelled diving efficiency.
The pdf is free at link, not yet posted on the journal open access website.
S. Sachs & J. Ladwig. (2017)
Reste eines Elasmosauriers aus der Oberkreide von Schleswig-Holstein in der Sammlung des Naturkunde-Museums Bielefeld. [Remains of an elasmosaur from the Upper Cretaceous ofÂSchleswig-Holstein in the collection of the Natural HIstory Museum Bielefeld]
Berichte Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein fÃr Bielefeld und Umgegend 55: 28-36
In 2016, the Natural History Museum Bielefeld received fragmentary remains of an elasmosaurid plesiosaurian from the upper Campanian of Kronsmoor (Steinburg district) in Schleswig-Holstein (northern Germany). The material includes incomplete vertebrae, phalanges and unidentifiable fragments. Additional parts of the same skeleton (a tooth, cervical-, dorsal- and caudal vertebrae, limb elements and 110 gastroliths) are housed at the Institute for Geology of the University of Hamburg and in private collections.