Pagosvenator candelariensis gen. et sp. nov.
Marcel B. Lacerda,Â Marco A. G. de FranÃaÂ & Cesar L Schultz (2018)
A new erpetosuchid (Pseudosuchia, Archosauria) from the MiddleâLate Triassic of Southern Brazil.
Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society zly008 (advance online publication)
The evolution and diversification of Triassic pseudosuchian lineages has been the subject of much interest and revision in the last couple of decades, fuelled by new and important discoveries, which have allowed for better-sampled phylogenetic analysis. In the present contribution, we add to this by describing a new taxon, Pagosvenator candelariensis gen. et sp. nov., for the MiddleâLate Triassic Dinodontosaurus Assemblage Zone of the Santa Maria Supersequence of southernmost Brazil. A comparative osteological analysis combined with a phylogenetic analysis supports its inclusion within the clade Erpetosuchidae and provides an insight into the phylogenetic relationship and evolutionary history of this clade, with two possibilities for the Erpetosuchidae relationship: as an early branch of pseudosuchians, being a sister group of Ornithosuchidae; or a closer relationship with the clade composed by Gracilisuchidae and Paracrodylomorpha with respect to Orntithosuchidae and Aetosauria. Additionally, the results presented and discussed here are of biostratigraphical importance, given that the taxon is from the Ladinian/Carnian age and would fill a temporal gap that exists within Erpetosuchidae between Parringtonia gracilis from the Anisian and Erpetosuchus from late the Carnian to Norian. Furthermore, it would be the first occurrence of a member of this clade in South America.