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Re: [dinosaur] Puzzles and Perils of the Prefix Eu "Good": from Eubontes to Euarchontaglires



Specific and generic names are grammatically singular, family names plural. 

Specific names can be nouns or adjectives, higher ranks are always nouns, but in terms of Latin grammar this makes little difference, except that adjectival species names sometimes change form when combined with a generic name of a different gender. Frex, sinensis would become sinense if combined with a grammatically neuter genus. 

--
Andreas Johansson

On 3 Jan 2018, at 09:06, Mickey Mortimer <mickey_mortimer111@msn.com> wrote:

What about say... sinensis, Iguanodon or Tyrannosauridae?  Are those technically singular or plural?  Or is sinensis an adjective or something?


Mickey Mortimer



From: Ben Creisler <bcreisler@gmail.com>
Sent: Tuesday, January 2, 2018 11:59 PM
To: Mickey Mortimer; dinosaur-l@usc.edu
Subject: Re: [dinosaur] Puzzles and Perils of the Prefix Eu "Good": from Eubontes to Euarchontaglires
 

I explained the distinction and why adding "the clade Theropoda" or "the group Theropoda" makes the singular okay.  Higher category names MUST be Latin plurals, period, just as "data" is plural in correct grammar. Arguably, they could have written the sentence as "The Euarchonta hypothesis is similar to the morphology-based Archonta hypothesis"--but they didn't. "Theropoda are similar to the apomorphy-based Avepoda..." is correct grammar in this case.  Add the word "clade" and the singular is required.

On Tue, Jan 2, 2018 at 11:04 PM, Mickey Mortimer <mickey_mortimer111@msn.com> wrote:
Ben Creisler wrote-

"*Eucoelophysis baldwini* was based on a pubis and a femur holotype (NMMNM P-22298) from the Upper Triassic Petrified Forest Formation of the Chinle Group in north-central New Mexico."


Tiny correction- The Eucoelophysis holotype also includes two posterior cervical vertebrae, dorsal vertebral fragments, a nearly complete proximal caudal centrum, three incomplete distal caudal centra, an incomplete scapulocoracoid, an ilial fragment, a partial ischium, another partial femur, a proximal tibia, incomplete metatarsi II and IV, metatarsal III and pedal phalanges.


"'Within Euarchontoglires, our molecular results are the first to render robust support for the monophyly and internal structure of Euarchonta (3). Euarchonta is similar to the morphology-based Archonta hypothesis, but bats are excluded." pg. 2348

[A point of grammar here: Archonta and Euarchonta are neuter plural substantives in Latin (not feminine singulars), so "is" should be "are"...]"


Really?  They're discussing a clade, not the multiple individuals making up that clade.  Would you say "Theropoda are similar to the apomorphy-based Avepoda, except Tawa and herrerasaurs are included"?  We're not saying every one of the multiple theropods is similar, we're saying the singular idea or concept is similar.  Surely in these cases, however things work in Latin is superseded by English recognizing Euarchonta and Theropoda as single clades / hypotheses / suborders.


Mickey Mortimer

 

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