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[dinosaur] Nemegtonykus, new alvarezsaurid from Nemegt Formation of Mongolia (free pdf)




Ben Creisler
bcreisler@gmail.com


A new paper in open access with free pdf:


Nemegtonykus citus gen. et sp. nov.Â

Sungjin Lee, Jin-Young Park, Yuong-Nam Lee, Su-Hwan Kim, Junchang LÃ, Rinchen Barsbold & Khishigjav Tsogtbaatar (2019)
A new alvarezsaurid dinosaur from the Nemegt Formation of Mongolia.
Scientific Reports 9, Article number: 15493
doi: Âhttps://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-52021-y
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-52021-y

Free pdf:
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-52021-y.pdf


Alvarezsaurid diversity has been markedly increased by recent discoveries from China. However, the number of alvarezsaurid specimens in the Nemegt Formation of Mongolia remained low since the initial report on Mononykus olecranus in 1993. Here we report three new alvarezsaurid specimens from this formation, which were associated with each other and also with multiple oviraptorid skeletons in a small multi-species assemblage. Two of the alvarezsaurid specimens represent a new taxon, Nemegtonykus citus gen. et sp. nov., which is mainly distinguished from other alvarezsaurids by the first sacral vertebra with a subtrapezoidal lamina, the second sacral centrum which is directly co-ossified with ilium, the posterodorsally oriented postacetabular process of ilium, and partial co-ossification between metatarsals II and IV. The other specimen is very similar to M. olecranus in morphology and referred to cf. Mononykus sp. Our phylogenetic analysis recovered Nemegtonykus as a parvicursorine forming a polytomy with several other taxa from the Gobi Desert. The presence of three alvarezsaurid individuals in the same locality indicates that the abundance of alvarezsaurids have been greatly underestimated in the Nemegt dinosaur faunas.

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